Pain in the Palms of the Hand or Palm Pain can be caused due to various medical conditions. It can be caused due to some kind of an injury or damage to the tendons, bones, joints, or nerves in the palm of the hand. Pain in the Palms of the Hand may be constant or may wax and wane depending on the cause of the condition. In some cases, movement of the hands may worsen the palm pain. Characteristic of pain in the palm of the hand may range from a dull ache to a sharp stabbing pain which may be mild to severe in nature. Sometimes, pain in the palm of the hand may be a referred pain and may be caused due to some other conditions in the hands or any other location in the body. Pain in the palm of the hand can be unilateral or bilateral depending on the cause of it. One of the common causes of palm pain is arthritis. A trauma to the hand or an injury may also trigger pain in the palm of the hand.
What Can Cause Pain in the Palm of the Hands?
As stated, an insult or injury to the structures of the palm including the nerves, vessels, bones, joints or nerves can cause pain in the palm of the hand. It can also be caused due to neuromuscular or inflammatory conditions or infections. Medical conditions like diabetes or peripheral neuropathy can also cause pain in the palm of the hand. Below mentioned are some of the common causes of pain in the palm of the hand or palm pain:
Pain in the Palm of the Hand Caused Due to Trauma: Trauma is by far the most common cause of palm pain. An individual can suffer trauma to the palm in various ways like cuts or bruises when placing the palm on broken glasses accidentally, or holding tightly an extremely hot cup of coffee because of which you may burn the palms of the hand. An insect bite like a bee sting can also cause pain in the palms of the hand. A dislocated finger, thumb or wrist bone may also result in pain in the palms of the hand. If by accident you hold on to a live wire then due to electrocution there may be palm pain. Overuse type of conditions like ulnar nerve entrapment can also cause Pain in the Palms of the Hand.
Pain in the Palm of the Hand Caused Due to Inflammation: Conditions like arthritis tend to cause inflammation of the bones and joints and may result in palm pain. An infection around the palm region can also cause pain in the palms of the hand. Conditions like abscess, cellulitis, gout, osteoarthritis, or inflammatory rashes may also cause palm pain.
Pain in the Palm of the Hand Caused Due to Neuromuscular Conditions: Certain neuromuscular conditions which affect the nerves of the hands can cause pain in the palms of the hand. These conditions are carpal tunnel syndrome, dermatomyositis, Raynaud Syndrome and the like.
Pain in the Palm of the Hand Caused Due to Medical Conditions: Medical conditions like diabetes and peripheral neuropathy cause palm pain. Some types of tumors both benign and malignant can as well cause pain in the palm of the hand. In some cases, conditions like blood clots can also cause Pain in the Palms of the Hand. Vasculitis which is a condition in which there is inflammation of the blood vessels can also be a reason for pain in the palm or palm pain. A more serious condition like a stroke can also cause numbness, tingling, and weakness and pain of the affected hand. If a person has these symptoms then he or she should go to the nearest emergency room for evaluation.
Palm Pain Caused Due to Nerve Problems: Nerve problems may also result in palm pain with the most common nerve problem being carpal tunnel syndrome and cubital tunnel syndrome. These conditions arise due to overuse of the hands like repetitive typing and using the hands for other activities for prolonged period of time. It is basically an occupational injury. Due to overuse, the median and the ulnar nerve become impinged resulting in pain in the wrist and the palm along with numbness and tingling of the fingers. These conditions are basically diagnosed by an electromyographic study and nerve conduction velocity study which will confirm the diagnosis of carpal and cubital tunnel syndrome. Treatment for these conditions is basically resting the hand and use of wrist splints for immobilization for a period of four to six weeks. If the symptoms do not resolve then a decompressive surgery may be required to release the pressure off of the median and the ulnar nerve.