The skin is one of the most important and the largest organ of our body. The skin covers almost our entire body and comprises of around 20 square feet. Human skin has important functions, such as giving protection from harmful external environment, maintaining the body temperature and the most important is one of the five sense organs, i.e. enabling us to feel different sensations of touch, cold and heat. Human skin comprises of three different layers, which are: Epidermis (topmost layer), dermis and hypodermis (deep subcutaneous tissue).
Each and every person has a different skin type, tone, texture and color. The different skin layers determine the skin tone; whereas, the skin color is determined by melanocytes present in the epidermis.
People who are conscious about their appearance tend to take a lot of care of their skin; whereas some just get away with just a splash of water on their faces! Taking good care of skin or not; unfortunately, there are a host of skin problems affecting our skin. Some are quite common, such as acne, corns, calluses etc; whereas, some are rare and occur due to some other underlying medical condition and which you probably would be hearing/reading about for the first time, such as CREST Syndrome, Fifth's Disease or Slapped Cheek Disease, Cutis Laxa, Molluscum Contagiosum etc.
In our SKIN DISEASES INFORMATION CENTER, we have covered in detail about the common, as well as rare and unheard of skin conditions.
Given below are examples of some of the skin topics, which we have covered. To read about them in detail, as well as for more skin topics, please refer to the side menu and click under our SKIN DISEASES INFORMATION CENTER where we have covered causes, risk factors, symptoms, investigations, epidemiology, pathophysiology, treatment, prevention and home remedies in great depth.
Acne Vulgaris is a skin condition characterized by pimples on the skin due to blockage of hair follicles resulting in sebum build up. Symptoms include: Presence of whiteheads and blackheads, papules or small bumps which are tender to touch and painful cysts. Treatment for Acne Vulgaris consists of OTC topical medicines, prescription medicines, oral antibiotics, oral contraceptives, laser therapy, light therapy etc.
To know more about this common and irritating skin problem, please read under our SKIN DISEASES INFORMATION CENTER on the side menu.
Acrodermatitis is a rare childhood skin condition, the cause of which is not quite clear. Symptoms of Acrodermatitis comprises of red spots, fluid filled blisters, itching, abdominal tenderness and swelling. Treatment for Acrodermatitis consists of treating the main cause, cortisone creams/ointments, antihistamines and zinc supplements.
To read in detail about Acrodermatitis, please refer under our SKIN DISEASES INFORMATION CENTER on the side menu.
CREST syndrome is a type of autoimmune disorder of the connective tissue. Different types of crest syndrome include Limited Scleroderma and Diffuse Scleroderma. The exact reason why CREST syndrome occurs is not clear. Symptoms of CREST syndrome comprise of abnormally light or dark skin, skin stiffness/hardness, ulcers, hair loss, pain and numbness in the feet, breathlessness, wheezing, diarrhea, heartburn, bloating, constipation, fecal incontinence and dysphagia. There is no cure for this disease and treatment for CREST syndrome comprises of managing the symptoms by medications like antacids, antihypertensives, immunosuppressants and surgery.
Cutis Laxa is a rare skin condition affecting the connective tissue where the patient has loose or inelastic skin. Symptoms of Cutis Laxa comprise of loose folds on the body, sagging appearance, darkening and thickening of the skin, thickening of arteries, problems with vital organs, hyperextension of the joints and hernias. Cutis Laxa occurs due to a genetic cause. Treatment of Cutis Laxa consists of medications like dapsone, beta-blockers, botulinum toxin injections and surgery.
To know more about this disorder, please read under our SKIN DISEASES INFORMATION CENTER on the side menu.
Fifth's disease is named so as it is one of the five commonly occurring diseases in children and is usually characterized by a rash. Fifth's disease is highly contagious. Symptoms of Fifth's disease comprise of stomach problems, fatigue, sore throat, itching, mild fever, headache, appearance of a bright red distinctive rash on the cheeks, pink colored raised rashes on arms, trunk, thighs and buttocks. Treatment of Fifth's Disease comprises of self-care, blood transfusions and immunoglobulin injections.
To know more about this intriguing condition, please read under our SKIN DISEASES INFORMATION CENTER on the side menu.
Hirsutism is a condition characterized by unwanted male pattern hair growth in women. Cause of hirsutism is an imbalance in the male and female sex hormones which can occur in conditions like PCOS, Cushing’s syndrome, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, tumors etc. Symptoms of hirsutism are: Acne, hair loss, voice deepening, increase in the size of clitoris and decrease in the size of the breasts. Treatment for Hirsutism comprises of medications like birth control pills, anti-androgens, topical creams. Medical procedures, such as electrolysis and laser therapy can also be done. Home remedies for hirsutism which help include: Plucking, shaving, waxing, chemical depilatories and bleaching.
To know more about Hirsutism, please read under our SKIN DISEASES INFORMATION CENTER on the side menu.
Ichthyosis Vulgaris is a medical condition of the skin, usually inherited, and characterized build up of dead skin cells forming dry and thick scales on the skin thus giving its name Fish Skin Disease or Fish Scale Disease. Cause of Ichthyosis Vulgaris is a genetic mutation, which is inherited. Symptoms of Ichthyosis Vulgaris comprise of dry skin, appearance of small scales, which can be gray, brown or white in color, deep and painful cracks in the skin and flaky scalp. As of now there is no cure for Ichthyosis Vulgaris and treatment is done to manage the symptoms and comprises of medications, such as alpha hydroxy acids and retinoids.
To read in detail about Ichthyosis Vulgaris including home remedies for it, please read under our SKIN DISEASES INFORMATION CENTER on the side menu.
Hyperhidrosis is a medical condition characterized by excessive sweating in a person even when the temperature is normal and the patient has not done any rigorous physical activity. The commonly affected regions are: underarms, palms of the hands and soles of the feet. Cause of hyperhidrosis is overactive those nerves which are responsible for stimulating the sweat glands. This could be from a variety of reasons, such as certain medications, overactive thyroid gland, low blood sugar, some cancers etc. Excessive sweating is the symptom of this condition where the patient sweats so much that he/she soaks through their clothes. Treatment of Hyperhidrosis consists of strong prescription antiperspirants, medications to block nerve communication, botulinum toxin injections; and surgical procedures are done in severe cases, such as iontophoresis, removing sweat glands and nerve surgery.
Detailed information about Hyperhidrosis can be found on the side menu under our SKIN DISEASES INFORMATION CENTER.
Other Skin Diseases Which are Covered in This Section:
- Nail Diseases
- Q and A On Dysesthesia
- Darken Skin or Hyperpigmentation
- Measles or Rubeola
- Diaper Rash or Irritant Diaper Dermatitis
- Sebaceous Cyst
- Contact Dermatitis
- Calluses and Corns
- Melasma or Chloasma or Mask of Pregnancy
- Eczema or Atopic Dermatitis
- Tinea Versicolor or Pityriasis Versicolor
- Pilonidal Cyst or Pilonidal Abscess
- Lichen Planus
- Boils and Carbuncles
- Decubitus Ulcer or Pressure Ulcer or Bedsores
- Seborrheic Dermatitis or Seborrheic Eczema
- Actinic Keratosis or Solar Keratosis
- Alopecia Areata (AA)
- Pyoderma Gangrenosum
- Lichen Sclerosus (LS)
- Molluscum Contagiosum (MC)
- Seborrheic Keratosis or Seborrheic Verruca or Senile Wart
- Hailey-Hailey Disease or Familial Benign Pemphigus
- Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS) or Acne Inversa
- Stasis Dermatitis & Leg Ulcers
- Erythropoietic Protoporphyria (EPP)
- Keratosis Pilaris (KP)
- Polymorphous Light Eruption (PLE) or Polymorphic Light Eruption (PMLE)
- Darier Disease or Keratosis Follicularis
- Dyshidrotic Eczema or Pompholyx
- Pityriasis Lichenoides
- Hives & Angioedema
- Bedbug Bite
- Hemangioma Of Skin
- Cutaneous Candidiasis or Skin Candidiasis
- Dysesthesia Treatment Using Oral Pain Medications
- Neurodermatitis or Lichen Simplex Chronicus
- Necrotizing Fasciitis
- Epidermolysis Bullosa
- Scalp Psoriasis
- Stevens–Johnson Syndrome
- Pemphigus Vulgaris
- Sturge-Weber Syndrome