An injury to the lower back and the resulting pain is quite common in athletes. Low back pain can be classified into acute and mild to moderate lower back pain. We have given below a brief summary on some common lower back injuries suffered by athletes such as ankylosing spondylitis, herniated disc, lordosis and spondylolysis. To know more about them and other lower back injuries, please visit the complete LOW BACK INJURIES topics listed on the left side menu which gives you information about the causes, symptoms, treatment and also rehab exercises in great detail.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a condition where there is chronic, degenerative inflammation of the spine, sacroiliac joints and also other joints of the body. This condition is characterized by pain and stiffness in the back, weakness, radiating pain into legs and groins, restricted spinal movements and much more. The cause of this condition is not known, but hereditary factor is thought to play an important role. Treatment comprises of adopting a healthy lifestyle, losing the excess weight, heat application, NSAIDs, physiotherapy and steroid injections. Surgery is done for severe cases. To know more about this condition in details, please refer to "Ankylosing Spondylitis" topic under the "lower back injuries" section on the left side menu.
Also known as slipped disc or prolapsed disc is a condition which can affect any part of the spine, but often occurs in the lower back. Causes include disc degeneration, injury to the spine and too much strain on the back. There is a range of symptoms which the athlete experiences such as pain in the leg, neural symptoms, bowel/bladder symptoms etc. To know more in detail, refer to the topic "herniated disc" under the "lower back injuries" section on the left side menu. Treatment comprises of rest, NSAIDs, corticosteroid injections, physical therapy and surgery in severe cases.
In this condition, the inner curvature of the spine is increased. Causes include tense and weak muscles resulting in muscular imbalances. The athlete experiences pain, bowel/bladder symptoms and other neuromuscular symptoms. Treatment is not required if the condition is mild, otherwise NSAIDs can be given, physical therapy exercises help, braces can be worn and surgery is done for severe cases. If you want to know more about Corrective Exercises for Lordosis, then please visit the "lordosis" topic under the "lower back injuries" section on the left side menu.
This condition occurs when there is a deficiency in the vertebral joints of the spinal column which can result in minor stress fractures or breaks in the vertebrae leading to weakening of the bones. One of the common causes of low back pain is Spondylolysis and this is an overuse injury. Causes include vertebral weakness, repetitive trauma and hereditary factors. The patient experiences low back pain, worsening pain upon activities, stiffness of the muscles etc. Treatment comprises of rest, back braces, NSAIDs, epidural steroid injections, physical therapy to enhance flexibility and muscle conditioning. Strengthening program of the core muscles during the recovery phase can be followed.
Other Low Back Injury Topics Which are Covered in This Section: