In today’s world, injuries have become second nature to human beings just like sneezing or coughing. Injury can occur in any form, it can be a mild scratch from a fall, or a simple cut from a razor or paper. There are some injuries which are very mild and often heal on their own without any treatment; whereas some injuries are serious and have the potential to become very serious if not treated immediately.
Serious injuries are often seen in those individuals who are physically very active, such as athletes. They suffer from all types of injuries; and one of the common body parts which tend to get injured in sports is our SHOULDERS. Shoulder Injuries can be mild (such as a sprain) or serious (such as a fracture)…whatever they are, they need prompt attention. The treatment depends on the severity of the injury and can be resolved with conservative approaches like cold/heat therapy, rest, pain killers etc…. or they may require surgery and post surgery rehab which consists of stretching and strengthening exercises to regain the injured shoulder’s strength, flexibility and full range of motion, so that the athlete/patient is back to performing in full form.
Given below are some brief definitions of the shoulder injuries which we have covered. To read about them in detail including their causes, pathophysiology, types/ classification/grading, signs & symptoms, investigations, treatment, post-op exercises as well as home remedies, please refer to the side menu under our SHOULDER INJURIES INFORMATION CENTER where you will find all this and more.
To get an idea of what we have in store for you, please read the snippets provided below. For a detailed read, please click under our SHOULDER INJURIES INFORMATION CENTER as mentioned above.
Rupture of the biceps tendon causes pain and weakness in the shoulder. The 2 main causes are injury and overuse. This condition is treated with ice therapy, pain killers, physical therapy and surgery.
To know more, please refer to the side menu where all our shoulder injuries are listed under our SHOULDER INJURIES INFORMATION CENTER.
Clavicle or collarbone fracture is a common injury of the shoulder joint. Causes for this include falling from a height and vehicle accidents. Different Types of Collarbone/ Clavicle Fracture are:
- Hairline fracture
- Non-displaced fracture
- Displaced fracture
- Comminuted fracture
- Compound fracture
To know more about the symptoms, causes, risk factors, treatment and investigations of the above condition, please read under our SHOULDER INJURIES INFORMATION CENTER on the side menu.
This is a condition commonly occurring in sports, where there is bruising of the clavicle or collarbone due to direct trauma or impact to the collarbone. Symptoms comprise of swelling, tenderness and discoloration. Treatment comprises of rest, ice application and pain medicines.
Deltoid Strain is a common cause for shoulder pain. Deltoid Strain is classified as grade I, II and III. Causes include strain and overuse. Symptoms comprise of pain, swelling and decreased mobility. Treatment depends on the degree of the strain and consists of rest, ice therapy, NSAIDs and physical therapy.
Inflammation of the shoulder muscles and tendons is known as Impingement Syndrome or Rotator Cuff Tendinitis. Causes include injuries and some other medical conditions. Patient experiences swelling, pain, tenderness, audible clicking, decreased strength and range of motion. Treatment comprises of rest, NSAIDs, PT, steroid injections and surgery.
This is a painful condition where there is inflammation of the tendon of the long head of the biceps muscles. Causes include chronic arthritis, injury, rotator cuff tear etc. Patient experiences pain, swelling, tenderness, snapping. Treatment consists of rest, cold therapy, pain meds, such as NSAIDs, opioids, muscle relaxants; steroid injections, physical therapy and surgery.
Inflammation of the Pectoralis Major is inflammation of both muscle and tendon. Common cause is any trauma or strenuous activities, such as seen in sports people. Patient experiences pain, tenderness and restricted shoulder movements. Treatment comprises of medicines like NSAIDs, muscle relaxants, cold therapy, immobility and physical therapy.
Rupture or tear of the Pectoralis Major happens quite rarely. Causes include weight lifting, injury and long term use of corticosteroids. Patient experiences pain, muscle weakness, bruising and swelling. Treatment comprises of NSAIDs, opioids, muscle relaxants, physical therapy and surgery.
In this condition, shoulder is dislocated in the posterior direction. Posterior dislocations happen rarely; whereas anterior dislocation of the shoulder is relatively common. Common causes are trauma and epileptic shock. Types of posterior dislocation of shoulder include: Partial, Medium and Total Dislocation. Symptoms include acute pain in the shoulder joint, crooked appearance of the arm and restricted movements. Treatment is done by giving arm support, cold therapy, pain medications, surgery and rehab after the surgery.
Proximal Humerus Fracture commonly occurs in elderly individuals and post-menopausal women. Osteoporosis is the main cause behind the fracture. Other causes include: accidents and injuries. Proximal Humerus Fracture is classified into Extra-articular Fracture and Intra-articular Fracture. Pain, swelling, deformity, weakness, numbness, and limited movements are experienced by the patient. Treatment comprises of rest, pain medicines, physical therapy and surgery.
Rotator Cuff Tear is a common cause of shoulder pain in athletes. The 2 types of rotator cuff tear include: Partial Tear of the Rotator Cuff and Full Thickness Tear of the Rotator Cuff. Causes include injury, wear and tear, old age, ischemia, bone spurs etc. Patient experiences pain, weakness, swelling, crackling sounds. Treatment comprises of rest, pain medicines, steroid injections, PT and surgery.
This type of fracture occurs in children if they fall on outstretched hands. Symptoms include pain, swelling, numbness, crookedness of the injured upper extremity. Treatment is done by casting or keeping the arm in the sling, pain medicines and surgery.
Scapular Fracture or Broken Shoulder Blade occurs rarely. Causes include: accidents, trauma, falls etc. Patient experiences pain, swelling and bruising. Treatment is mostly conservative, which includes: immobilization with a sling, pain medicines, rehab exercises and surgery if needed.
Shoulder Instability occurs with increased range of motion or with overuse of the shoulder joint. Patient experiences pain, repeated shoulder dislocations, sensation of popping of the shoulder in the joint. Treatment comprises of medications, PT and surgery.
This condition is an injury to the labrum, which is a small structure of the shoulder. Causes include: direct trauma to the shoulder, repetitive and forceful activities involving the shoulder. Patient feels an audible sharp popping, catching sensation in the shoulder and shoulder instability. Treatment is done by pain medicines, physical therapy, steroid injection and surgery if required.
This condition is dislocation of Acromioclavicular joint and is also known as shoulder separation. Causes include: injury, accident, falls etc. Patient experiences severe pain in the shoulder joint, limited range of motion, swelling, bruising, joint deformity and restricted shoulder range of motion. Acromioclavicular Joint Separation is classified as Type-I, II and III Injury. Treatment consists of cold therapy, rest, pain medicines, physical therapy, surgery and rehab exercises after the surgery.
Rupture of the shoulder ligaments is known as shoulder sprain. It is classified as Grade I, II and III sprain. Patient has pain, swelling and tenderness. Treatment depends on the type and grade of the injury and broadly comprises of pain medications, ice applications, rest and surgery in severe cases.
Subacromial Bursitis is the inflammation of the fluid filled sac like structure known as subacromial bursa. Causes include: repetitive activities, overuse, heavy and repetitive pushing, lifting, pulling etc. Patient experiences shoulder pain and stiffness. Treatment comprises of physical therapy and ultrasound, steroid injections; surgery and rehab if needed.
Subscapularis tear involves tearing of the subscapularis tendon or subscapularis muscle. It commonly occurs as a result of sports injury, repetitive shoulder movements, accidents etc. Patient has pain, tenderness, restricted shoulder movement, bruising, and weakness in the shoulder. Treatment consists of pain medicines, massage therapy, physiotherapy and surgery in severe cases.
In this medical condition, there is inflammation of the tendons of the subscapularis muscle due to which patient experiences acute pain and restricted shoulder movements. Causes include direct trauma or it can occur as a result of other shoulder surgeries. Treatment depends on the severity of the condition and consists of rest, NSAIDS, ice/heat therapy and surgery if needed.
This is a medical condition comprising of traction damage to the suprascapular nerve. This condition occurs from excessive nerve deviation, which can occur in sports activities, direct trauma. Symptoms include: burning and achy pain and shoulder weakness. Treatment comprises of physical therapy, pain medicines, surgery and nerve blocks.
This is a condition where there is rupture or tear of the supraspinatus muscle tendons. Common cause is direct trauma to the shoulder. Symptoms include: acute pain, especially upon movement. Treatment comprises of both conservative and surgical approaches.
Inflammation of the supraspinatus muscle tendons is known as supraspinatus tendinitis. Patient experiences pain and restricted shoulder range of motion. Treatment comprises of pain medicines, anti-inflammatories, steroid injections and arthroscopy if needed.
This is a condition where the scapula angulates away from the chest wall. Causes include: Paralysis or weakness of the serratus anterior muscle, bad posture, irritation of the serratus anterior muscle nerve, viral illness/ infection and trauma/ sports injury. Symptoms include: Obvious protrusion of the shoulder blade and pain. Treatment includes ice therapy, physical therapy, strengthening exercises and surgery.