Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is described as type 1 and 2. Extremity, head, neck and back injury after initial delay in treatment (ignorance) or surgery may result in CRPS. CRPS is neuropathic pain and results in extremely severe pain. CRPS if continues for 2 to 3 years or more may never get better. Pain and suffering is associated with changes in skin color, sensitivity and tenderness.
Skin overlying the area of CRPS often looks red or blue and shiny. Skin is extremely sensitive to touch and pain is described on touch as allodynia, hyperalgesia and hyperpathia. CRPS may be associated with muscle spasms, weakness or muscle atrophy. Patient may have difficulties with ambulation, gait changes and instability. Instability is observed when patient tries to change position from sitting to standing, or beginning of ambulation as well as getting in and out of bed.
CRPS if permanent may cost several thousands of dollars for treatment and huge cost of settlement for pain and suffering. Residual CRPS after auto accident always ends up in dispute and legal battle between patient and insurance companies.