Information provided on is complimentary. Our goal is to provide information of most medical topics to help our readers to understand the pain and suffering as well as various other symptoms cause by various diseases. Authors affiliated with are also writing several topics that describes diagnostic test and choices of treatment. Most medical topics are difficult to described in a simple language, since medical terminologies are specific for diseases and treatment. Chief editor and members of editorial board make necessary changes to describe all topics in simple sentences as much as possible.

All authors affiliated with use several articles published in scientific journal and text book as a reference. Most of our readers prefer shorter topics and less internal as well as external links. We restrict internal link and also give references for selected few topics. Our readers often request using email list of published or unpublished list of references and we do provide them the appropriate list of article that can be downloaded using any internet search engine.

Information and articles published by are not substitute for doctor’s office visit and physician consultation. Every disease and symptoms has several etiology (causes). Evaluation of symptoms and signs cause by disease requires detail examination and lab studies. Lab studies includes blood examination, radiological studies and tissue biopsy. Only primary care physician or specialist can interpret the results of such studies and conclude the cause of symptoms and signs. Thus, we published a following message as a note at the bottom of each page.

Note: Information provided is not a substitute for physician, hospital or any form of medical care. Consult your medical care providers for medical advice, treatments and follow-up.

Readers can send us email at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. and our chief editor or members of editorial committee will answer the questions. The answers often include readers must visit nearest ER or doctor’s office. The questions regarding subject of topics are answered if author or editorial committee feels further explanation is necessary to explain the subject of article. All other non-emergency enquiries are directed to their physician and urgent enquiries are directed to ER physician. Thus, we request and encourage all our readers to consult primary care physician or specialist for evaluation of any symptoms and sign.

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