Injury to the hips is among the various injuries suffered by individuals who are involved in sports. We have given a brief overview on some of the hip injuries incurred in sports such as hip bursitis, hip dislocation, hip sprain, pelvic fracture and hip tendonitis. We have covered various hip injuries with their causes, symptoms, investigations and treatment in detail. Also, we have included easily understandable exercises for faster healing from hip injuries. For detailed information, including the rest of the hip injuries, please visit the complete "HIP INJURIES" topics listed on the left side of the menu.
Also known as trochanteric bursitis is a condition where there is inflammation of the bursae which surround the hip joint.
The following bursae are present in the hip joint: trochanteric bursa, gluteus medius bursa, iliopsoas bursa and ischial bursa. To read more in detail about them, please read the "hip injuries" section on the left side of the menu. Runners are more frequently affected by hip bursitis. Common causes of this include: Direct trauma or injury, overuse injury, overpronation and bony spurs among other causes. The athlete experiences pain on the external side of the hip, worsening pain upon activity, extending pain to the outer thigh. Treatment comprises of rest, cold therapy, use of NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatories), fine needle aspiration, corticosteroid injections, physical therapy and very rarely surgery. Physical therapy is very important in recovering from hip bursitis. We have given a detailed description of the exercises to be done for speeding up recovery from hip bursitis such as gluteal stretching exercise, transversus abdominis activation exercise etc. To know more about them, go to the "hip injuries" section present on the left side of the menu.
This is a condition where the head of the thigh bone (femur) gets displaced out of its socket resulting in excruciating pain. There are 3 types of hip dislocations: Anterior hip dislocation, posterior hip dislocation and central hip dislocation. Posterior hip dislocation comprises about 90% of hip dislocations. High impact force such as falling and landing on the hip or accidents are the common causes. The athlete experiences sudden pain and is not able to move his/her hip joint. Treatment comprises of placing the dislocated hip into its original place. This is done surgically. Additional treatment comprises of rest, avoiding weight bearing by using crutches or cane, NSAIDs for pain relief and physical therapy which is very important to speed up the healing and to get back complete range of motion of the hip. Physical therapy exercises to strengthen the hip muscles include resistive hip abduction exercise, upright knee raise exercise, hip flexion and extension exercise etc. For more information, please read the "hip injuries" section present on the left side of the menu.
Overstretching or tearing of ligaments which support the hip joint results in a hip sprain. It causes not only pain, but also limits the patient's day to day activities. However, we have covered different types of exercises and physical therapy which help, not only in preventing, but also treating hip sprain. Hip sprain is classified as first, second and third degree sprains. Treatment is done depending on the degree of sprain. Traumatic or forceful injury to the hip, overuse, and not doing adequate warm up before exercising are the common causes of this condition. Common symptoms are pain, tenderness, swelling and bruising. Treatment commonly comprises of rest, ice application, using crutches to avoid weight bearing, NSAIDS, rehab and physical therapy. If the tendon, muscle and ligament is completely ruptured or torn, then surgery is done. The following exercises are done to increase muscle strength and enhance hip stability: Outer hip stretch exercise, kneeling hip flexor stretch exercise, lying hip flexor stretch exercise, and standing iliotibial band stretch exercise. To read in detail about these exercises, visit the "hip injuries" section on the left hand side of the menu.
Fracture of the pelvis occurs when there is a break in any of the three bones which form the pelvis. It commonly occurs in adolescents and individuals involved in sports. Sometimes, osteoporosis resulting from ageing also causes pelvis fracture. Otherwise motor vehicle accidents, falls and traumatic crush injuries are the common causes. Pelvic fracture is classified into Grade A, Grade B and Grade C fracture. The classification is done according to the severity of the fracture. Symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising, numbness and more. Treatment includes avoiding weight bearing and surgery. Pain killers are given to reduce the intensity of pain. During the recovery period, the following exercises can be done to speed up the healing and to increase range of motion, strength and flexibility: Hip and knee bend to straighten exercise, hip external rotation exercise and bridging exercise. To learn more about the causes, symptoms, investigations and treatment of hip fracture, visit the "Hip Injuries" section on the left side of the menu.
This is a condition which results from damage or overstraining of the tendon(s) which connect the different muscles to the hip bone causing pain, inflammation and degeneration of the tendons. Causes include repetitive strain or overuse of the tendon as seen in activities like running and cycling. Symptoms include pain which increases gradually, tenderness, discomfort upon stretching and contracting the involved muscle and stiffness. Treatment includes rest, NSAIDs, R.I.C.E. therapy and most importantly rehab. Some of the rehab exercises are bridging exercise for hip tendonitis, hip extension in lying exercise, adductor squeeze exercise, and straight leg raise exercise. For more details, go to the "Hip Injuries" section present on the left side of the menu.
Other Hip Injury Topics Which are Covered in This Section:
- Hip Flexor Strain
- Hip Pointer or Iliac Crest Contusion
- Labral Tear of the Hip Joint
- Post Traumatic Osteoarthritis of the Hip Joint
- Pelvic Stress Fracture
- Snapping Hip
- Rectus Femoris Avulsion Fracture
- What is Iliopsoas Bursitis or Iliopectineal Bursitis?
- Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis or SCFE
- Synovitis of the Hip
- Trendelenburg Gait Or Hip Drop