Cancer Information Center
With advances in science, the concept of personalized cancer treatment has today become a reality. Precision cancer medicine is a novel approach to cancer care that is looking to leverage new advances and knowledge with regards to the actual pathogenesis of cancer to more precisely target treatment. Know what is precision cancer treatment, how does it work, types, examples, and advantages.
In terms of cancer, any factor which increases the chances of an individual developing cancer although not directly causing it can be defined as a risk factor. Many people with risk factors for cancer end up never having it and on the other hand there are many people who do not have any risk factor end up developing cancer. For bladder cancer, there are quite a few risk factors which include: Tobacco use, age, gender, race, chemicals, chemotherapy agents, arsenic exposure, and chronic bladder issues.
For bladder cancer, the survival rate of an individual depends on the stage of the cancer, how early was it diagnosed and how effective the treatment has been. For an individual with stage 0 Bladder Cancer, the survival rate is approximately 97%. For stage 1 Bladder Cancer, the 5 year survival rate comes down to around 90%. For stage II Bladder Cancer, the 5 year survival rate dips down further to about 65%.Additionally, the age and overall health of the individual also affect the overall prognosis of an individual with Bladder Cancer.