The deep posterior compartment is surrounded by a sheath which encloses the lower leg muscles. Compartment syndrome is a result of muscles growing more in size than the surrounding sheath.
Symptoms of Deep Posterior Compartment Syndrome
- Prolonged calf pain.
- Kicking or jumping produces pain in the shin.
- Pain upon downward pulling of the toes and foot.
- There may be weakness causing foot drop when walking.
Causes of Deep Posterior Compartment Syndrome
- Any trauma or injury causes bleeding inside the compartment and results in swelling.
- Bleeding may also be caused due to a muscle tear.
- Any overuse or chronic injury may also cause swelling.
Treatment of Deep Posterior Compartment Syndrome
- Ice or cold therapy should be applied for 20 minutes at a time. Preferable to wrap the ice in a towel and applying to the affected areas rather than applying it directly onto the skin.
- Sports injury specialist should be consulted.
- Anti-inflammatory medications like ibuprofen is effective in reducing pain, swelling and inflammation.
- Sports massage techniques can be used after the acute phase (usually 48 hours) has passed.
- Biomechanical problems should be corrected with the help of proper orthotic devices.