We have given below a brief summary on some common lower leg injuries suffered by athletes such as Pulled Calf Muscles, Tibialis Posterior Syndrome or PTTD, Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) and Shin Fracture. To know more about them and other lower leg injuries, please visit the complete LOWER LEG INJURIES topics listed on the left side menu which gives you information about the causes, symptoms, treatment and also rehab exercises in great detail.
Also known as calf muscle strain, is a condition where the soleus or gastrocnemius muscle gets overstretched to the point that it ruptures or tears under the pressure resulting in pain. In severe sprains, there is complete tearing of the muscle fibres. Causes for this condition are sudden burst of speed or change in direction in sports by the athlete. Symptoms experienced are pain and bruising. Depending on the severity, the calf sprain is classified into Grade 1, 2, & 3 sprains. The treatment depends on the severity of the sprain and usually consists of rest, R.I.C.E. therapy, using NSAIDs, taping and enrolling into a rehab program. You can visit "Range of Motion Stretching Exercises," "Progressive Calf Stretching Exercises," and "Progressive Strengthening Exercises" for calf strain under the topic "Pulled Calf Muscle" on the left side menu.
Formation of blood clot (thrombus) in the deep seated veins is known as Deep Vein Thrombosis. The region of calf muscles are more affected by this condition. The common causes are long-haul flights and surgical procedures. Symptoms are: Constant pain in the calf, redness, warmth and stroke in severe cases. Treatment options include: Warm compresses, NSAIDs, anti-coagulant injections and surgery in severe cases.
Also known as Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction or PTTD is a condition where there is damage to the tibialis posterior muscle resulting in fallen arches and flat feet. Symptoms include pain, flatfeet, swelling, difficulty in walking and standing. Treatment includes rest, cold therapy, NSAIDs, sports massage, steroid injections and much more. To know more about treatment and "Strengthening Exercises for PTTD or Tibialis Posterior Syndrome," refer to this topic under the "LOWER LEG INJURIES" section on the left side of the menu.
Fracture of the shin bone (tibia), due to injury or trauma to the lower leg is known as shin fracture or fracture of the Tibia. This can be a full, partial or hairline fracture. Causes are direct impact/trauma, sudden ankle inversion, prolonged overuse, abrupt change in direction as seen in sports such as basketball, football, rugby etc. Symptoms include severe pain, swelling, inability to stand or walk, bruising and leg deformity. Treatment comprises of rest with casting of the leg and surgery for severe cases followed by stretching and strengthening exercises done to enhance mobility, strength and flexibility of the muscles.
Other Lower Leg Injury Topics Which are Covered in This Section:
- Restless Leg Syndrome or RLS
- Broken Leg or Fractured Leg
- Shin Splints or Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome
- Leg Cramps
- Anterior Compartment Syndrome
- Fibula Stress Fracture
- Calf Strain
- Tibial Stress Fracture
- Lower Leg Contusion
- Achilles Tendon Rupture
- Lateral Compartment Syndrome
- Tibial Growth Plate Fracture
- Tight Calf Muscles
- Tibialis Anterior Tendon Sheath Inflammation
- Calf Pain or Calf Muscle Pain
- Tennis Leg or Medial Gastrocnemius Strain
- Deep Posterior Compartment Syndrome
- Partial Rupture Of Achilles Tendon