Liver Disorders Information Center
Viral Hepatitis is a contagious disease which causes the liver to inflame. Viruses that attack the liver are called hepatitis virus. Hepatitis A or infectious jaundice is caused by Hepatitis A virus or HAV. They are transmitted by an oral-fecal route which can enter into the body by ingesting contaminated food. Lack of sanitation is the main cause for transmission of this viral hepatitis A disease. Hepatitis A can also be transmitted by close physical contact like intimate kissing, but casual contacts are less likely to transmit it. A vaccine is available that prevents Hepatitis A for 10 years.
Primary Biliary Cirrhosis is an autoimmune disorder. This means that it is caused by the immune system of the body mistaking the healthy tissues in the liver as foreign elements and attacking them. This damages the bile ducts significantly ultimately causing Primary Biliary Cirrhosis.
It normally takes about 10 years for the first symptoms to be observed of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis. The early symptoms of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis include persistent fatigue, skin gets extremely itchy, and mouth gets dry. There are also fatty deposits around the eyes, palms, elbows and knees, jaundice, skin discoloration where the skin gets dark.