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Porotic Hyperostosis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Porotic Hyperostosis– This is a pathological condition of the bone found mostly in the bones of cranial vault in which they become spongy and the bone tissue becomes porous.

What Is Porotic Hyperostosis?

Porotic Hyperostosis which is also known by the names of Osteoporosis Symmetrica, Cribra Crani, and Symmetrical Osteoporosis as stated is a medical disorder of the bones of the cranial vault which makes the bones spongy and the bony tissue porous. This causes the spongy tissue in the bones of cranium to swell and results in the outer surface to become thin and extremely porous.

Porotic Hyperostosis

What Are The Causes Of Porotic Hyperostosis?

Studies have basically confirmed that Porotic Hyperostosis is caused by iron deficiency anemia and malnutrition but there are evidence which point to increased loss along with overproduction of RBCs which are seen in conditions like hemolytic anemia as being the cause of Porotic Hyperostosis.

What Are The Symptoms Of Porotic Hyperostosis?

Some Of The Symptoms Of Porotic Hyperostosis Are:

  • Feeling grumpy
  • Weakness or lethargy either with rest or exercise
  • Frequent headaches
  • Problems with concentration to think.

How Is Porotic Hyperostosis Diagnosed?

Imaging study of the cranial area will reveal presence of soft bones in the cranial vault. Apart from this, blood test will more often than not reveal presence of iron deficiency anemia along with other factors suggestive of malnutrition.

What Are Treatments For Porotic Hyperostosis?

One of the major causes of the bones becoming weak is accumulation of acidic waste in the body generally due to excessive acidic content in the diet Hence, it is imperative that a proper balance of acidic and alkaline diet is maintained in the diet.

Another treatment can be to avoid foods containing synthetic chemicals like processed foods which have a tendency to cause damage to the bones. When eating out always prefer bottled water. Avoid carbonated beverages whenever possible.

Osteoporotic medications need to be avoided due to significant side effects with long term use.

Regular exercises like jogging or walking is helpful. Also playing some kind of sports to keep the bones healthy is also beneficial.


  1. National Library of Medicine – PubMed: PubMed is a comprehensive database of scientific articles and research papers. Searching for “porotic hyperostosis” in PubMed will yield relevant research studies and information. Website: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
  2. National Institutes of Health (NIH) – National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS): The NIAMS provides authoritative information on bone and joint disorders, including porotic hyperostosis. Website: https://www.niams.nih.gov/
  3. The Journal of Craniofacial Surgery: This scientific journal publishes research articles related to craniofacial conditions, including porotic hyperostosis. Website: https://journals.lww.com/jcraniofacialsurgery/pages/default.aspx
  4. World Health Organization (WHO): WHO may have relevant information on nutritional disorders and bone health, including porotic hyperostosis. Website: https://www.who.int/
  5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): The CDC may offer information on nutritional deficiencies and their impact on bone health, which may relate to porotic hyperostosis. Website: https://www.cdc.gov/

Also Read:

Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:July 26, 2023

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