Treatment & Stages of Peritoneal Mesothelioma
In this section of the article you will learn about the treatments for peritoneal mesothelioma, stages involved in peritoneal mesothelioma.
Treatments for Peritoneal Mesothelioma
There are multiple treatments for peritoneal mesothelioma. The prognosis of both the peritoneal mesothelioma patients and the mesothelioma patients is not so good. The factors below influence the selection of treatment for peritoneal mesothelioma. These are:
- What stage your cancer (peritoneal mesothelioma) is at.
- Other medical conditions which you possess other than peritoneal mesothelioma.
- Your overall health and wellbeing.
In order to remove as much of the tumor as possible from the stomach cavity, some of the people with localized abdominal pains go for surgery in treatment for peritoneal mesothelioma.
For those patients whose peritoneal mesothelioma condition is advanced it is recommended for them to undergo a surgery known as debulking- this sort of operation ensures that as much tumor as possible is removed. For the advanced peritoneal mesothelioma you have the option to either go for chemotherapy on itself or after or before surgery for peritoneal mesothelioma.
The sad truth is that for peritoneal mesothelioma, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are not the best options because they have been proved not to work well. As doctors strive to improve the treatment you may be given treatment as portion of the clinical trial. In the future these free trials will eventually enhance treatment .We are therefore conversant to be part of clinical trials.
Surgery for Treating Peritoneal Mesothelioma
Unlike for pericardial mesothelioma, surgery is a viable option for peritoneal mesothelioma. In order for a patient suffering from peritoneal mesothelioma to take part in this major operation, it is crucial to be well. For those that qualify for this surgery what happens in the process is that the lining of the abdomen also known as peritoneum is removed, this operation is known as peritonectomy. The major reason for this process is to decrease symptoms of pericardial mesothelioma.
There is also another procedure identified as cytoreductive operation for peritoneal mesothelioma. The aim of this surgery for pericardial mesothelioma is to get rid of as much cancer as possible. While this process is ongoing, and even later on heated chemotherapy is given straight into the peritoneal cavity for patients with peritoneal mesothelioma. This process for pericardial mesothelioma has been proven to work by doctors and promising results witnessed.
Chemotherapy for Treating Peritoneal Mesothelioma
Chemotherapy is a good option for pericardial mesothelioma, but not for pericardial mesothelioma. Anti-cancer medications are injected into veins of patients having peritoneal mesothelioma. This medication can be given weekly depending on the chemotherapy drugs. This outpatient treatment aims is to shrink and keep the peritoneal mesothelioma under control for the longest time possible. The outcome of this type of chemotherapy has been observed not to yield good results to peritoneal mesothelioma patients. The good news is that research of looking for better ways to use chemotherapy is taking place.
However, for the patients considered fit and whose peritoneal mesothelioma has not advanced, they can be directly given chemotherapy into the abdomen in the course of cytoreductive surgery or immediately afterwards. The medication is given through a minor entrance in the belly. Chemotherapy is given through a tube that is inserted into the cut through a tube also known as a catheter. Before this it is first heated to match the body's temperature. This process is referred to as peritoneal mesothelioma HIIC (Hyperthermic Intraoperative Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy). Those people who received medication were found out to be flourishing at 5 years according to a study done.
Palliative Care for Treating Peritoneal Mesothelioma
Often peritoneal mesothelioma is detected while it is quite progressive and this is unfortunate. This means that for those who are too ill with peritoneal mesothelioma it would be hard to undergo thorough chemotherapy. All hope is not lost for these kinds of individuals because they can still take medication to relieve pain, prevent weight and fluid loss in the abdomen.
In peritoneal mesothelioma patients, water is stored in their abdomen and this makes their stomach to swell which can be uncomfortable. It is therefore paramount to have the liquid sapped off through an ascetic tap or abdominal paracentesis. This process has to be carried on by experienced nurses or doctors preferably those who have controlled symptoms of serious peritoneal mesothelioma illness in the past. Palliative care is required and so it is necessary to include a dietician and physiotherapist.
Alternative Treatments for Peritoneal Mesothelioma
Although there are other methods of alternative treatments for peritoneal mesothelioma, their outcome is less anticipated. There is this method known as immunotherapy which boosts the immune system so that it can aid in the fight of cancer. According to research this treatment mainly focuses on how to cure pleural mesothelioma which mainly is found in the lungs liner.
Stages in Peritoneal Mesothelioma
- Stage I peritoneal mesothelioma: In this stage there are fewer traces of cancerous tissue and lymph nodes not infected by cancer at all. The cancer is kept in check in peritoneal liner.
- Stage II peritoneal mesothelioma: The cancerous tissue in this stage is modest. The lymph nodes and the outer peritoneal coating are not infected with tumors
- Stage III peritoneal mesothelioma: This a dangerous stage because the cancerous material is further widespread. The lymph nodes and the outside peritoneal lining stand a high chance of being spread with cancer.
There is no fourth stage as for now this is because the staging system is centered on the patients who made it to surgery. Those people most likely to be classified with stage IV are those found out to possess progressive cancer (those who did not make it to surgery with peritoneal mesothelioma HIPEC (Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy).
Staging systems for peritoneal mesothelioma used to be based upon the cancer specialists own experience. Some of the specialists categorized cancer narrowed to the location it is suited such as localized, regional (that which has spread to lymph nodes and proximate organs) or distant (extend to organs where the cancer made.)
Despite the fact that makeshift systems are useful, the consistent system common to all doctors is superlative.