The urinary bladder in humans is a muscular, hollow, and distensible organ whose main function is to store urine which is excreted by the kidneys. The urinary bladder is situated in the lower abdomen. There are various problems or medical conditions which can affect the urinary bladder. Some of them are cystitis, bladder cancer, bladder rupture, bladder tamponade etc. Pain during voiding and pain in the back is indicative of a problem with urinary bladder. The pain from urinary bladder disease varies a lot and can be dull, sharp, achy and spasmodic in nature. If patient experiences blood in urine, high fever and persistent and unbearable pelvic/abdominal pain, then he/she should seek immediate medical attention, as it could very well be indicative of a life threatening condition.
In our URINARY BLADDER INFORMATION CENTER, you can find many topics concerning the bladder, their causes, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment and prevention. We have provided all this and more information in detail in our urinary bladder section which is located on the side menu.
Given below are some snippets of some medical conditions affecting the urinary bladder. To read in detail about them, please read under our URINARY BLADDER INFORMATION CENTER which you will find on the side menu.
The function of urinary bladder is to store urine which is excreted by the kidneys. The bladder is located in the pelvic region. Bladder pain can result from various causes, such as infection, inflammation, injury/damage to the bladder. The pain in the bladder varies. The 3 common causes of bladder pain are urinary tract infection, interstitial cystitis and bladder cancer. Other symptoms of bladder pain include: Hematuria, frequent urination, cloudy urine, urine retention, foul-smelling urine, abdominal cramping, fatigue lethargy, fever and chills. Serious symptoms consist of: High fever, inability to void, persistent vomiting and bladder pain. The cause of bladder pain can be determined by tests such as cystoscopy, CT scan, urinalysis, cystoscopy, MRI scan, urine culture and urine cytology. Treatment for bladder pain depends on the cause and consists of medicines like Elmiron, tricyclic antidepressants, seizure medicines, immunosuppressant medications, OTC pain medications, antibiotics, chemotherapy, intravesical therapy etc.
To know more about bladder pain, its causes, risk factors, pathophysiology, symptoms, investigations, treatment and alternative treatment, please read under URINARY BLADDER INFORMATION CENTER on the side menu.
This is a medical condition characterized by irregular contraction and relaxation of the bladder muscles. Causes for this include: Spinal lesion, brain abnormalities, peripheral nerve injury etc. Symptoms of bladder sphincter dyssynergia comprise of: Lower abdominal pain, daytime and nighttime wetting, bladder infection, fever, parkinson's symptoms, Shy Drager syndrome, multiple sclerosis etc. Diagnosis can be confirmed by cystoscopy, urodynamic study, CT scan, MRI, ultrasound, nerve conduction study and electromyogram. Treatment can be done with medications and surgery.
To read in detail about Bladder Sphincter Dyssynergia, please read under URINARY BLADDER INFORMATION CENTER on the side menu.
This medical condition of urinary bladder is characterized by multiple clots in the bladder, which can result in serious complications. Causes of bladder tamponade include: Bladder cancer, pregnancy with placenta previa etc. Symptoms of bladder tamponade consists of pain, formation of a mass, inability to urinate, blood loss, pallor, tachycardia and hypotension. Diagnosis can be made by urine examination, blood examination, cystoscopy, ultrasound study, CT scan and MRI. Treatment for Bladder Tamponade comprises of intravenous fluids, blood transfusion, cystoscopy and suprapubic endoscopy to assess the extent of this condition and to remove the clots.
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Cystitis is inflammation of the urinary bladder. It is caused by bacteria. It can also occur as a result of drug reaction, radiation therapy, use of certain cosmetics/ feminine hygiene sprays, catheter use for prolonged period of time and certain illnesses. Symptoms comprise of urinary urgency, burning sensation when voiding, hematuria, foul-smelling urine, pelvic pain/ discomfort/pressure and fever. Antibiotics are the first line of treatment.
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Cancer originating in the urinary bladder is termed as urinary bladder cancer. Different types of Urinary Bladder Cancer are:
- Squamous Cell Carcinoma
- Transitional Cell Carcinoma
The cause of urinary bladder cancerous thought to be DNA mutations in the cells. Symptoms of urinary bladder cancer consist of: Hematuria, pain with urination, frequent urination, back pain and pelvic pain. Diagnosis can be made by cystoscopy, biopsy, urine cytology, intravenous pyelogram and CT scan. Treatment of Urinary Bladder Cancer consists of surgery (transurethral resection, segmental cystectomy, radical cystectomy), immunotherapy/ biological therapy, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
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Trauma or injury to the lower abdomen or pelvis can result in rupture of the urinary bladder. Other causes include alcohol/ drug intoxication, domestic injuries, spontaneous rupture and surgical injury. Different types of urinary bladder rupture are: Intraperitoneal rupture, extraperitoneal rupture and combined rupture. Symptoms include: Suprapubic pain/ tenderness, hematuria, urine retention, hypotension, tachycardia, agitation, abdominal distension, pelvic pain/ tenderness and scrotal hematoma. Diagnosis can be made by cystogram, cystoscopy, CT scan, MRI, intravenous pyelogram, ultrasound, urinalysis and blood tests. Treatment for urinary bladder rupture comprises of intravenous fluids, blood transfusions, medications (NSAIDs, opioids, antibiotics) and surgery.
For vast information on different medical conditions of urinary bladder, please read under our URINARY BLADDER INFORMATION CENTER on the side menu.