While every one of us can suffer from injuries to the heel and foot; sportsperson, athletes or people who are avid runners or joggers are more prone to suffer from these types of injuries. Many of us have jobs which involve a lot of standing and our poor feet have to bear the burden of our whole body weight for hours and hours. This can cause many foot conditions from overuse or chronic stress. As we have mentioned before, athletes are at a higher risk for suffering from these conditions or injuries, as they do a lot of running, jumping, jogging; and this puts a lot of force/strain/stress on their feet and heels.
Below is an overview of what we have covered in our section. So please keep reading to know more. A simple click on the left side menu will give you all the information on various topics related to "foot and heel injuries" in great detail.
Ankle Pain Information Center
In our "Ankle Pain Information Center," we have covered topics like:
- Ankle Joint Arthritis: Its symptoms and treatment which comprises use of NSAIDs, Opioids, PT, Surgery
- Ankle Joint Bursitis: Its Causes, Symptoms, Treatment-Conservative, PT, NSAIDs, Surgery
- Ankle Joint Fracture or Broken Ankle: Its Causes, Types, Symptoms, Treatment-PT, Surgery
- Ankle Joint Sprain: Its Causes, Types, Symptoms, Treatment- Conservative, Specific, PT
- Ankle Joint Tendonitis or Tendinitis: Its Causes, Symptoms, Treatment- Conservative, PT
- Osteochondral Lesion of the Talus (OLT): Grading, Symptoms, Causes, Treat
You will find detailed information of each and every topic related to foot and heel on the left side menu in our "Ankle Pain Information Centre." So, please do visit that section and increase your knowledge about various problems related to our feet.
Then there is our "Question and Answer" section where you will find all the FAQs regarding many things, such as rupture of the Achilles tendon. Also in this section, we have covered an article which tells you about the "7 Major Medical Conditions That Can Cause Ankle Joint Pain." In this section, you can increase your knowledge about how the human ankle joint functions. So, do read our topic "Understanding Ankle Joint: Know About the Supporting Ligaments, Tendons, Muscles," on the left side menu.
As we all know, athletes are more prone to any type of injuries, especially those concerning their feet and heels. You can read in extensive detail regarding sports injuries like Achilles Tendon Rupture, Ankle Sprain and Subungual Hematoma. Please refer to the left side menu for more information.
There are various methods of treating any injury. Conservative treatment is done for mild injuries and this includes, rest, icing, braces, taping, analgesics, and sometimes corticosteroid injections. Surgery may be required for severe injuries. Other than this, there is manual therapy which can benefit a lot in various injuries. Physical therapy is done after compete healing is achieved and it helps in regaining the strength and flexibility of our foot and heel. We have also given different "Sports Massage Techniques," such as:
- Stripping the Muscle
- Circular Friction Massage
- Trigger Point Massage
These massage techniques help in promoting the healing process by increasing the blood circulation, smoothing out any tension knots, breaking any adhesions present, and will generally soothe and help your muscles to relax. Please refer to the left side menu under the heading "Manual Therapy," to read in detail about the various sports massage techniques.
Additional Foot and Heel Injuries
Below we have given a brief glimpse of what we have covered in our section such as injures to foot and heel like Abductor Hallucis Strain, Athlete's Foot or Tinea Pedis, Bruised Foot, Corns & Calluses, Calcaneal Stress Fracture, Dislocated Toe, Cuboid Syndrome or Cuboid Subluxation, Calcaneal Bursitis, Achilles Tendinitis and so much more.
For detailed reading, click on the various topics present under our "Additional Foot and Heel Injuries," section which can be found on the left side menu.
The function of abductor hallucis muscle is to flex and abduct big toe along with supporting the foot arch. Symptoms of Abductor Hallucis Strain include: Pain, overpronation and tenderness. Causes include: overuse injury, prolonged standing, overweight and overpronation of the foot when walking or running. Treatment comprises of rest, ice therapy, taping, wearing insoles, NSAIDs, ultrasound therapy and sports massage. Patient should enroll into a rehabilitation program after complete healing to regain strength and flexibility.
This is a condition where the skin of the soles of the feet and the webs of the toes get infected. Symptoms are: Itching, pain, burning, and peeling/scaling of the feet. Common cause is a fungus named tinea pedis. Treatment is done by cleaning the affected area and keeping it dry. Only socks made of absorbent and cotton material should be worn. Anti-fungal creams, powders or washes are used to treat the infection. To read more on causes, symptoms and treatment, please refer to the left side menu under the topic Athlete's Foot. We have also covered various ways to prevent Athlete's Foot, so do please visit our section for more information.
Also known as contusion is actually a minor hematoma occurring due to rupture of tiny blood vessels as a result of injury or trauma. Causes of bruising are direct trauma, using anticoagulants, individuals with coagulation disorders, platelet and blood vessel disorders/ deficiencies and much more. Symptoms of bruised foot are: Pain, tenderness and difficulty in walking. Treatment of bruised foot comprises of rest, wearing heel pads, ice therapy, using crutches, and NSAIDs or other painkillers.
These are areas of thick skin developing as a result of repetitive pressure or friction. Symptoms are dry, thick, hard and flaky skin. Common cause is friction or excessive pressure to the foot or hands. Treatment comprises of the corns being removed by a podiatrist or a specialist. Lubricants like petroleum jelly can be used to reduce pressure and friction. Other measures such as plaster application, wearing proper shoes and gloves etc. should also be carried out.
Calcaneus (heel bone) is fractured due to overuse or repetitive strain resulting in a stress fracture. Individuals involved in certain activities which put repetitive pressure on the heel bone, such as soldiers, runners, joggers etc. commonly suffer from this. Causes include: Increase in exertional or weight bearing activities. Risk factors include: Bad foot posture, muscles weakness, reduced flexibility, ankle joint stiffness, ill-fitting footwear and excessive training, particularly on hard or uneven surfaces. Symptoms include: Gradually increasing pain and pain upon weight bearing. MRI or bone scan helps in confirming the diagnosis.
Treatment is done by taking complete rest and avoiding complete weight-bearing. Heel pads, plaster cast can also be used. Patient should enroll in a rehab program after complete healing to do stretching and strengthening exercises to increase the mobility and flexibility of the muscles.
Athletes commonly suffer from toe dislocation, as they are involved in activities where their feet have to bear the full impact of their body weight. Causes include: Sudden /direct impact or trauma to the toes and excessive stress to the toe ligaments. Symptoms include: Acute pain, inflammation and bruising of the toe, deformity, numbness, tenderness and difficulty in walking.
Treatment for Dislocated Toe comprises of rest, ice, compression, elevation (RICE), taping, and whirlpool treatment. Patient should join a rehab program to help regain range of motion and strength of the toe.
This is a condition in which the joints and ligaments near the cuboid bone are affected due to an injury. It is commonly seen with peroneal tendinopathy or major ankle inversion sprain. It can also occur independently. There is partial dislocation of the calcaneocuboid joint. Causes are: Trauma/ injury to the foot, chronic stress to the foot, pre-existing overpronation or underpronation of the foot etc. Symptoms include: Pain upon weight bearing, weakness in the foot, overpronation of the foot and swelling. Treatment comprises of rest, taping, analgesics, ice therapy, arch support insoles, corticosteroid injections and lastly the physician will physically manipulate the displaced joint back into its original position.
Inflammation of the bursa present between the heel bone and fat pad is known as calcaneal bursitis. Cause is repeated stress to the heel, such as seen in activities like jogging or running. Symptoms include: Pain under the heel upon activity, redness, warmth and tenderness to palpation. Treatment comprises of rest, padding, orthotics, NSAIDs, and steroid injections.
In this medical condition, there is irritation and inflammation of the large tendon located in the back of the ankle. Common causes include: Improper warm up before a workout, wearing ill fitting shoes, overpronation and ageing. The main symptom of this condition is pain present at the back of the heel, especially when doing activities such as brisk walking or running. Treatment is done using ice therapy, light compression, NSAIDs, manual therapy, casting, rehab and sometimes steroids can also be used.
So, this was actually a very small peek at what we have covered in our Foot and Heel Injuries section; but please don't just stop at reading these brief snippets. Increase your knowledge more by reading in detail about foot and heel injuries and all other topics which are present on the left side menu. One simple click on a topic will lead you to a wide array of useful information.
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Other Foot and Heel Injury Topics Which are Covered in This Section:
- Black Toenail or Subungual Hematoma
- Bruised Heel or Policeman's Heel
- Bunions or Hallux Valgus Deformity
- Broken Toe or Fractured Toe
- Hammer Toe or Contracted Toe
- Heel or Calcaneal Spur
- Extensor Tendonitis
- Medial Calcaneal Nerve Entrapment
- Flat Feet (Pes Planus) or Fallen Arches
- Foot Drop
- Calcaneus Fracture or Broken Heel Bone
- Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome (TTS) or Posterior Tibial Neuralgia
- Ingrown Toenail or Onychocryptosis
- Lateral Plantar Nerve Entrapment
- Jones Fracture or 5th Metatarsal Fracture
- Navicular Fracture
- Turf Toe
- Lisfranc Injury or Lisfranc Fracture (Dislocation)
- Metatarsal Fracture
- Metatarsal Stress Fracture
- Metatarsalgia or Stone Bruise
- Morton’s Neuroma or Morton's Metatarsalgia or Plantar Neuroma
- Pes Cavus or High Arch Foot
- Overpronation of Foot
- Oversupination of Foot
- Tarsal Coalition or Peroneal Spastic Flatfoot
- Verrucas or Plantar Warts
- Sever's Disease or Calcaneal Apophysitis
- Swollen Toe or Toe Swelling
- Tarsal Fracture
- Plantar Fasciitis or Plantar Fasciopathy or Jogger's Heel
- Peroneus Brevis Tendon Tear
- Stress Fracture Of The Foot
- Plantar Fascia Strain or Plantar Fascia Rupture
- Pain In The Ball of Foot or Metatarsalgia
- Midtarsal Joint Sprain or Chopart's Joint Sprain