Fracture in the 5th metatarsal is known as Jones fracture. The 5th metatarsal is located at the base of the small toe which is also termed as 'little toe.' The location of the Jones fracture is where the metatarsal bone ends, near the ankle. This fracture is usually mistaken for an ankle sprain due to its location.
Causes of Jones Fracture or 5th Metatarsal Fracture
- Turning or twisting of the ankle resulting in inversion of the foot.
- Overuse injury.
- Repetitive force on the outer foot.
Signs and Symptoms of Jones Fracture or 5th Metatarsal Fracture
- Pain at the base of the 5th metatarsal.
- Tenderness is present.
- Swelling is also present.
- Inability to bear weight.
- Difficulty in walking.
- Deformity may also be present.
Treatment of Jones Fracture or 5th Metatarsal Fracture
- X-rays confirm this fracture.
- A cast is usually applied for 6-8 weeks for support and immobilization of the foot and also to avoid weight-bearing.
- Crutches can be used for support and to avoid complete weight bearing.
- In severe or displaced fractures, surgery may be needed to repair the fracture using plates and screws.
- After the fracture has healed, patient should start rehab program consisting of exercises for stretching and strengthening in order to regain motion and flexibility of leg.