What is Adductor Brevis and What is its Function?
The Adductor Brevis Muscle is one of the most important muscle of the hip along with Adductor Magnus Muscle and the Adductor Longus Muscle. These muscles are assisted by gracilis and pectineus. The gracilis facilitates flexion of the leg while the pectineus facilitates rotation of thigh. The function of the Adductor Brevis Muscle is to adduct the thigh. It also facilitates flexion and rotation of the thigh. Adductor Brevis Muscle originates from the inferior ramus of the pubis and enters the pectineal line and middle of femur. Blood supply is maintained for this muscle from the femoral and obturator arteries. Activities like sprinting, kicking a ball, rapid Change in directions while working out or during sporting activities can cause Adductor Brevis Strain.
Signs and Symptoms of Adductor Brevis Strain
Some of the symptoms which points to a Strained Adductor Brevis Muscle are:
- Pain in the groin with activity which relieves with rest
- Pain in the thigh near the hip joint
- Pain above the knees
- Reduced motion of the thigh and hip.
What can Cause Adductor Brevis Strain?
Some of the activities that can cause Adductor Brevis Muscle Strain are:
- Sprinting can cause Adductor Brevis Strain
- Sitting cross legged for prolonged periods of time
- Repetitive horseback riding
- Slip and fall, especially on ice
- Doing split exercises excessively
- Kicking a ball with force.
Risk Factors of Adductor Brevis Strain or Injury
Some of the medical conditions which can be caused due to Adductor Brevis Muscle Strain are:
- Obturator nerve entrapment
- Pubic stress fracture
- Muscle strain (groin pull)
- Inguinal hernia.
What is the Treatment for Adductor Brevis Strain or Injury?
Some of the treatments for Adductor Brevis Muscle Strain are:
Rest is Important for early recovery from Adductor Brevis Strain.
NSAIDs such as ibuprofen and naproxen help in decreasing pain and inflammation
Cold Therapy: There are many forms of gels and cold packs available in the market and over the counter which can go a long way in helping with treatment of an injured Adductor Brevis Muscle. The gels that are available are normally used immediately after an injury or strain as it immediately cools the area and prevents swelling from developing in the area. It has been proved such gels or coolants have healed injuries to the Adductor Brevis Muscle twice quickly than normal application of ice and the pain relief is more longer lasting. The gel is used by rubbing it in the groin, hip, and thigh region for best results.
Warm Therapy: This type of therapy can also be used for treating an injured Adductor Brevis Muscle. This gel provides adequate warmth to the injured area without actually burning the area. It works fantastically well in relieving pain and stiffness post an injury to the Adductor Brevis Muscle. This gel needs to be put at the bottom of the foot and rubbed through to the ankle for best results. It should be noted here that warm therapy should never be used when using ice packs or heat packs as this may result in blistering of the skin.
Thigh and Groin Wrap: This wrap comes in the form of a gel pack which is adjustable and gives you proper fit and compresses the Adductor Brevis Muscle to allow it to heal. It also helps in reducing pain and swelling if present.
Compression Shorts: These types of shorts also compress the Adductor Brevis Muscle and facilitate early healing of the injured muscle. It also helps in reducing swelling.
Massage Therapy can also help in Treating Adductor Brevis Strain.