Aortic valve replacement is a treatment procedure which is performed for treating any heart disorder caused because of affected valve. Aortic valve helps in regulating blood flow from heart to the entire body. Valves also ensure that blood flows in the right direction. This is not the end, aortic valve also help in clearly separating ventricles (blood pumping chamber of heart) from artery (supplying oxygenated blood). When the ventricle contracts immediately the aortic valve opens enabling blood to flow in aorta through left ventricle. As the ventricle releases the contracted position and comes to its original shape the aortic valve closes. This helps in restricting flow of blood in opposite direction i.e.. through the ventricles.
It is when the aortic valve fails to work properly the symmetry in blood flow is hindered and the condition also puts extra pressure on heart to maintain uniform flow of blood in the entire body.
Symptoms of Aortic Valve Disorder
In some patients no significant symptom is observed for many years, whereas; in some patients symptoms are displayed immediately. Several of the common symptoms of Aortic valve disorder include:
- Chest Pain
- Irregular heartbeat
- Heart failure or cardiac arrest.
Aortic valve substitute is very effective in curing the affected valves and facilitates eliminating the painful symptoms by regulating normal blood flow in the body. It also helps in extending life and also strengthening the heart muscles.
Aortic Valve Replacement Procedure
There are various factors that are considered while deciding whether or not to conduct this replacement procedure. Some of these factors are:
- Age of the patient
- Health condition
- Whether the treatment is efficient enough or any other heart surgery is required for treating the problem.
Usually doctors opt for heart valve repair, because it has the least risk level associated. It strengthens the condition and functioning of the heart and also drastically reduces the need for taking thinning of blood medications for years, as it is essential after certain types of valve replacement.
What are the Complications of Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery?
Some of the severe complications associated with aortic valve replacement surgery are as follows:
- Formation of blood clots
- Irregular heartbeats is a complication of aortic valve replacement surgery
- Dysfunction of valve
All these aortic valve replacement surgery complications are very critical and if not treated on time then can even leads to the death of an individual.
Difference Between Aortic Valve Repair And Replacement
Some people have hole in their valve for them instead of opting for replacement treatment, doctors suggest repair procedure. However, this decision mainly depends on the severity of patient’s condition because all types of valves cannot be repaired. One interesting thing about this treatment process is that valve repair is far difficult and complicated as compared to replacement treatment process. It is only after detail discussion with experts and multidisciplinary heart team doctors take the call of which treatment procedure is to be performed.
Aortic valve replacement can be done in two ways; either by open heart surgery and by TAVR i.e. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement. In open heart surgery a big cut is made in the chest region of the patient, whereas; in TAVR a small incision is made in the chest and through that a catheter is inserted in the body of the patient. Later option is less complicated, more effective and involves less risk compared to the open heart surgery. It is only the doctor who can decide which is the best and the most effective and safe option for patient, depending on patient’s health condition and past history.