Nephrotic syndrome is a kind of kidney disorder in which your body excretes too much of protein into your urine. This occurs when small blood vessels in your kidney that appears usually in clusters get damaged. As a result, it can no longer perform the process of removing waste and excess water eventually causing edema in your lower parts of the body such as feet and ankles. In, addition, it often increases the risk of typical health disorders.1.

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What Is The Prognosis For Nephrotic Syndrome?

The prognosis of nephrotic syndrome differs and is truly dependent on the underlying cause. For some patients, the recovery happens very fast even without needing for therapy however it is not the same for everyone. In some cases, despite severe treatment and medications, still, the condition worsens and results in serious complications.
Some the common complexities that occur during the course of the treatment are hypothyroidism (a condition in which the thyroid gland is not able to produce enough thyroid hormone), anemia (you don't have enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to the body's tissues), high blood pressure, and acute kidney injury (sudden loss of the kidney function). In addition, there are some serious complexities such as osteoporosis and cataract accompanied by a higher risk of infection caused as a result of medications (steroids) taken. In some cases, atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) were found and it resulted in serious adverse reactions.3.

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How To Know If You Have Nephrotic Syndrome?

This condition may be caused either mainly by renal disease or for a variety of different reasons. The best possible secondary reason of nephrotic syndrome in adults is diabetes. The common symptoms of nephrotic syndrome include

  • Severe swelling in your legs, feet, ankles, and sometimes face and hands.
  • Fluid retention in the body excess weight gain or obesity
  • The characteristics of urine changes and it look foamy due to the presence of an excess of proteins.
  • Tiredness and fatigue
  • Not feeling hungry and poor appetite

Nephrotic syndrome is generally caused by diseases that usually affect the kidney. The most common kidney disease is focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) or membranous nephropathy. This is caused by the damages to the clusters of glomeruli to your kidneys. The primary function of the glomeruli is to filter the blood which separates the protein that the body requires from those from the unwanted.

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The blood passes through the kidney and maintains the right amount of fluid in the body from getting mixed into the urine. However, when the glomeruli are damaged, it lets the protein and blood cells leak into the bloodstream. In addition, the loss of blood proteins can result in the fall in the level of the bloodstream.

Nephrotic syndrome can also be caused by life-threatening diseases such as diabetes and lupus that has the potential to affect many parts of the body. These are apparently the secondary causes of nephrotic syndrome. A medical survey states that more half of the population are affected by nephrotic syndrome only by secondary causes.2.

Treatment Of Nephrotic Syndrome

Your health care provider might suggest certain medications that help to control the symptoms of nephrotic syndrome. The primary aim of these medications is to maintain the blood pressure & cholesterol levels, get rid of excess water that causes edema, and prevent blood clots that result in heart attack & stroke.

Conclusion

Well, before the convention method of diagnosis and treatment of nephrotic syndrome, pediatrician and specialists considered this syndrome as benign. However, with the advancement and vast development in the medical arena, there are many new renal diagnosis and biopsy that are found effective in identifying this disease in their early stages.

Medical studies show that about 80 percent of patients are treated successfully and lead a normal lifespan.

References:  

Also Read:

Pramod Kerkar

Written, Edited or Reviewed By:

, MD,FFARCSI

Pain Assist Inc.

Last Modified On: July 2, 2019

This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer

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