Pancreatic cysts are generally diagnosed using imaging techniques, magnetic resonance imaging, and computed tomography.1
Diagnostic tests create an image of the inner body part of the pancreas to determine the severity of the pancreatic cyst.2
Most pancreatic cysts are non-cancerous and thus resolves on its own however cancerous cysts often require surgical intervention to prevent invading of the surrounding tissues.3,4
As medical studies have profound advancement in diagnostic techniques, effective tools, clinical trials, and surgical procedures can help you lead a better lifestyle though you are experiencing diseases.
How To Diagnose Pancreatic Cysts?
In the past, the diagnosis of pancreatic cysts was challenging however with advanced medical technology and improved imaging techniques, it can be identified readily. Your doctor will perform a physical examination based on your medical history and suggest imaging tests for correct treatment planning. Pancreatic cysts are generally diagnosed using imaging techniques, magnetic resonance imaging, and computed tomography.
Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan – This is a non-invasive diagnostic imaging procedure constituting a mixture of x-rays and computer mechanism to produce images on different horizons on the body. Although you can obtain standard information of the body through x-ray, a CT scan shows detailed images of the organs thus providing more information related to injuries and/or diseases of the pancreas.
MRI Scan – MR imaging is best suited for evaluating the malignant fluid-containing lesion that may result in leakage of fluid from the cysts and causing infection. The leakage may also lead to the spreading of malignant cells. MR image shows several stiffened enhancing septa along the posterior margin of the cyst.1
Imaging Tests- Diagnostic tests such as x-rays, sound waves, or radioactive substances create an image of the inner body part of the pancreas to determine the severity of the pancreatic cyst. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is the best diagnosis to monitor pancreatic cyst. These tests are often oriented in identifying suspicious areas of cancer, to determine the spread of the malignant cells, and to ensure if the treatment if working.
Ultrasound – Pancreatic cysts are detected using an increasing frequency. Common types of ultrasound include
Endoscopic Ultrasound- Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) morphology, cyst fluid analysis, and cytohistology provide both diagnostic and therapeutic means for pancreatic cystic lesions.
Abdominal Ultrasound- This is done before an endoscopic ultrasound because the patient will not be exposed to radiation during this procedure. Abdominal ultrasound is performed when symptoms are not clear to identify if the cyst is cancerous.2
What Is the Best Medicine For Pancreatic Cysts?
There are a few non-invasive techniques adopted for pancreatic treatment accompanied by watchful waiting. Most pancreatic cysts are non-cancerous and thus resolves on its own. They don’t require treatment until it bothers you, however, cancerous cysts often require surgical intervention to prevent invading of the surrounding tissues.
Invasive treatment includes:
Drainage – Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided Drainage has become an established indication producing effective results when compared to other categories of drainage. The endoscope is equipped with a needle which is used to drain the cyst
Pancreatic Cyst Surgery – When the cyst is enlarged and causes serious symptoms, surgical removal is the most recommended option of treatment.3,4
Scientists in the medical field are working conscientiously to discover more precise early symptoms of malignancy. Additional studies are in progress to identify the best surveillance to monitor the cysts. Therefore, you can work with your healthcare provider to identify the best medicine for your condition.
- “Pancreatic Cysts and Pseudocysts Diagnosis and Tests.” Cleveland Clinic, my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/14627-pancreatic-cysts-and-pseudocysts/diagnosis-and-tests.
- Brugge, William R. “Diagnosis and Management of Cystic Lesions of the Pancreas.” Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology, AME Publishing Company, Aug. 2015, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4502158/.
- Frothingham, Scott. “Pancreatic Cysts: Symptoms, Types, Treatment, and Risk Factors.” Healthline, Healthline Media, 16 Jan. 2019, www.healthline.com/health/cyst-on-pancreas.
- “Do Pancreatic Cysts Become Cancerous?” Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, www.roswellpark.org/cancertalk/201711/do-pancreatic-cysts-become-cancerous.
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