Arthritis is a medical condition characterized by inflammation of the joints. It has become one of the common joint ailments suffered by today's population. Primary symptoms of arthritis are pain and stiffness of the joints. There are many types of arthritis. Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis are the 2 most common types of arthritis. Treatment of arthritis depends on the type of arthritis a person is suffering from.
In our ARTHRITIS INFORMATION CENTER, we have covered many different types of arthritis, such as Fungal or Mycotic Arthritis, Gonococcal Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis, Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis and Juvenile Arthritis.
Given below is a brief summary on them, but for more detailed information including causes, symptoms, investigations and treatment, please read under our ARTHRITIS INFORMATION CENTER on the side menu.
Inflammation of the joints is termed as arthritis. Primary symptoms are joint pain and stiffness. The common forms of arthritis are Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis. Osteoarthritis occurs as a result of wear and tear of the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis is a result of an autoimmune disorder. Other causes for other arthritis types are: Infection, medical disorders like lupus, psoriasis and uric acid crystals. Treatment depends on the arthritis type and focuses on relieving the symptoms by medications, such as analgesics (acetaminophen, tramadol), NSAIDs (naproxen, ibuprofen), Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs (DMARDs), biologic response modifiers (etanercept, infliximab), corticosteroids (prednisone, cortisone), physical therapy, splinting and alternative therapies (acupuncture, Glucosamine, Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS), Yoga) etc. Surgery is done if the above methods fail to bring improvement.
In this topic we will discuss about the different types of arthritis, their causes, symptoms and treatment. The 10 Different Types of Arthritis are:
- Osteoarthritis: Commonest type and occurs as a result of wear and tear of joints.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: This is an autoimmune disorder and causes inflammation of the joint.
- Ankylosing Spondylitis: This type often affects the spine. It also is an autoimmune disease. There is no definite cure for this disease.
- Cervical Arthritis: This affects the neck. Common cause is old age.
- Fibromyalgia: This is a syndrome involving the muscles and soft tissues producing symptoms, such as weakness, chronic pain, insomnia etc.
- Gout: This type of arthritis is characterized by joint inflammation causing swelling, pain and inflammation.
- Pseudo Gout: In this type of arthritis, symptoms mimic gout; however, crystal deposits responsible for this condition are different from gout.
- Psoriatic Arthritis: This is a type of arthritis, which has inflammation of the joints and skin.
- Reactive Arthritis: This type of arthritis occurs due to a reaction to a specific bacterial infection. Symptoms are pain, swelling in the joints, heels, fingers and low back pain.
- Osteonecrosis: This type of arthritis occurs as a result of diminished blood supply to the bone resulting in necrosis or death of that bone.
We are sure you would like to know more about these different types of arthritis. Please read under our ARTHRITIS INFORMATION CENTER to find out in extensive detail about the causes, symptoms and treatment of the different types of arthritis.
Fungal arthritis is a rare disorder and the cause of this is a fungi which harms the joints and bone tissues. Symptoms are: Pain, swelling and stiffness in the joint, swelling and fever. Treatment is done by way of treating the infection by using antifungal drugs, such as amphotericin B, ketoconazole, itraconazole and fluconazole.
Gonococcal arthritis a rare medical condition occurring as a result of complication of gonorrhea. There are 2 types of Gonococcal Arthritis. Symptoms include: Joint pain, wrist pain, skin rash, pain in the lower abdomen, fever and burning micturition. Treatment is done by treating its cause, i.e. gonorrhea, by using the right type of antibiotics.
Diagnostic Testing Includes:
- Culture of joint aspirate
- Joint fluid gram stain.
- Cervical gram stain.
- Throat culture.
- Urine test to check for gonorrhea.
Juvenile arthritis is a broad term including different inflammatory and autoimmune conditions occurring in children aged 16 years or below; hence the name Juvenile Arthritis. Juvenile Arthritis is of three types:
- Oligoarticular Juvenile Arthritis
- Polyarticular Juvenile Arthritis
- Systemic Juvenile Arthritis
The cause of juvenile arthritis is not known. Symptoms consist of joint pain in the mornings, joint swelling, lymph node swelling, weakness in the joints, inflammation of the internal organs, rash, fever and eye problems. Treatment consists of alleviating the symptoms, such as swelling and pain. Secondary complications like soft tissue damage and joint contractures are also treated. Medications such as NSAIDs, Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs (DMARDs), methotrexate, biologic agents and corticosteroids are used. Physical Therapy is also beneficial in increasing joint range of motion and improving the muscle tone. Surgery is done in severe cases.
Psoriatic arthritis is that type of arthritis which sometimes affects those individuals who have psoriasis. Primary symptoms are joint pain, swelling and stiffness. There are 5 types of Psoriatic Arthritis:
- Symmetric Psoriatic Arthritis
- Asymmetric Psoriatic Arthritis
- Distal Interphalangeal Predominant
- Arthritis Mutilans
There is no definite treatment for psoriatic arthritis and the main aim of treatment is controlling and managing the symptoms. Medications, such as Analgesics, NSAIDs, DMARDs, Immunosuppressant Medications and TNF-Alpha Inhibitors are used. Surgery is done in severe cases and the different surgical approaches include:
- Joint fusion
- Joint replacement
To know more about this condition and its treatment in detail, please read under our ARTHRITIS INFORMATION CENTER on the side menu.
Osteoarthritis is the commonest type of arthritis and it occurs due to wear and tear of the joints. Osteoarthritis is classified into two types:
- Primary Osteoarthritis
- Secondary Osteoarthritis
Symptoms include: Pain, inflammation, stiffness of the joint, joint movement difficulty, joint locking, audible clicking or grinding sound and joint weakness. Treatment comprises of medications like NSAIDs, corticosteroids; physical therapy, dietary supplements and lifestyle changes. Surgery is done in severe cases and comprises of Arthroscopy, Osteotomy, Joint fusion and Joint replacement.
Rheumatoid arthritis is that type of arthritis which is characterized by joint inflammation causing pain, stiffness, swelling and redness of the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis is a type of autoimmune disorder.
Different Types of Rheumatoid Arthritis are:
- Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Pauciarticular Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis.
- Polyarticular Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis.
- Systemic Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
- Ankylosing Spondylitis
The exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis is not known. Symptoms comprise of joint stiffness, tenderness, warmth, pain, reduced range of motion, chest pain, mouth dryness, itching and burning of eyes and sleep difficulties. Treatment is done with the help of medications, physical therapy and surgery if needed.
Please read in extensive detail about Rheumatoid Arthritis under our ARTHRITIS INFORMATION CENTER.
Other Arthritic Topics Which are Covered in This Section: