10 Different Types of Arthritis

Arthritis is a very dangerous disease that affects the body joints. Since the disease gets progressively dangerous with time, it is better for one to have an earlier diagnosis. According to various research studies, arthritic therapies are known to work well when they are started much earlier. The following are some of the types of arthritis that you need to know.

10 Different Types of Arthritis

Following are the 10 Different Types of Arthritis

Osteoarthritis-This is the most common type of arthritis and develops after the cartilage that covers the end of the bones starts to wear out. Age or overuse is some of the common factors that contribute to the break down of this cartilage. In the absence of this cartilage, the bones will begin to rub against each other resulting to friction which will eventually lead to swelling and pain.

Osteoarthritis affects any joint, but in most cases it affects the hand-joints and other weight-bearing joints such as hip, knee and facet joints.

Rheumatoid Arthritis: This type of arthritis is a long-lasting condition that normally affects all joints of the body except those of the lower back. Rheumatoid arthritis develops when the immune system of the mistakenly attacks the lining of the joints causing them to swell. As a result, this inflammation will spread to the surrounding cartilages thus damaging them.

Ankylosing Spondylitis: Ankylosing spondylitis mostly affects the spine. It develops within the vertebrae, the disks that make the spine. Besides ankylosing spondylitis being an immune disease, it is also hereditary. The symptoms include stiffness and back pain. Over time, the effects of ankylosing spondylitis fuse the vertebrae making an individual less mobile. This condition does not have any cure but can be improved by some medicine and exercises.

Cervical Arthritis: Cervical arthritis normally associated with the neck. Different factors are thought to cause this, but old age is the common causative agent. Just like in other body parts, the bones of the neck also get degenerated with old age. Various evidences show that about 85% of people above 80 years old are the most affected.

Fibromyalgia: Fibromyalgia is a syndrome that is synonymous with muscles and soft tissues. Its Symptoms include fatigue, chronic muscle pain, sleep problems and painful trigger points or tender points. These effects of symptoms are only relieved through medication, change of lifestyle and stress management.

Gout: Gout is a type of arthritis that causes inflammation in one or more joints. A chemical known as uric acid that is found in the body is known to cause this particular type of arthritis.

When the amount of uric acid builds up in the body, the levels might be very high causing the formation of its crystals. The formation of uric acid crystals is responsible for the pain, swelling and inflammation.

Pseudo Gout: This is a type of arthritis that can cause symptoms similar to those of gout. However, in this particular type a different type of crystal deposit is responsible for the reaction. In most cases, this condition affects the knees but can also affect other joints like the wrists, shoulders, hands and ankles.

Psoriatic Arthritis: Psoriatic arthritis is a type of arthritis that is characterized an inflammation of the skin and joints. Various medical evidence show that people who suffer from psoriatic arthritis can also develop inflammation of tendons, eyes, cartilage, lung lining, and in rare cases the aorta. Medications, exercises, ice application and surgery are ways through which this condition is treated.

Reactive Arthritis: Reactive arthritis occurs as a response to an infection by certain bacteria. In most cases, the bacteria in the genitals or the bowel are the causative agents. Chlamydia bacteria are transmitted through sex.

Reactive arthritis can cause the following symptoms: swelling and Pain of certain joints, pain and swelling in the heels, severe swelling of the fingers and heels and can persistently cause low back pain.

Osteonecrosis: It occurs when a section of bone loses its blood supply and starts to die. This condition is normally synonymous with women and more than 3 times as many women as men are affected. This conditions aught to be diagnosed and treated earlier to avoid it developing into severe arthritis.

Author:

, MA in English literature.

Last Modified On: July 14, 2015

Kelly Everson

Kelly Everson is an American author and MA in English literature. She is a health article writer who has written numerous articles/online journals on joint pain problems, sleep disorders & stretch marks.


Edited or Reviewed By: Pramod Kerkar, MD, FFARCSI

  Note: Information provided is not a substitute for physician, hospital or any form of medical care. Examination and Investigation is necessary for correct diagnosis.

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