Blood Diseases Information Center

I am sure all of us well aware of various medical conditions affecting the different systems of our body, such as angina in cardiovascular system, migraine or paralysis in the nervous system etc. But.... not many are aware of the various diseases affecting the red fluid which runs in our body and which we seem to take for granted, i.e. our BLOOD. Imagine something happening in our blood, changing its constituency, leading to different symptoms; and we mistakenly attribute the cause of the problem to some other organ or medical condition not realizing or even having the remotest idea that the trouble happening is in our BLOOD.

Blood Disorders Information Center

So, to solve this problem, we have addressed many diseases of the blood in our BLOOD DISORDERS INFORMATION CENTER in extensive detail. Given below are some snippets of the diseases and conditions of the blood which we have covered. To read in detail about their causes, symptoms, investigations, complications, prognosis and treatment, please refer to our side menu under our BLOOD DISORDERS INFORMATION CENTER .

Cryoglobulinemia

Cryoglobulinemia is a medical condition where the abnormal proteins in the blood (cryoglobulins) cluster together causing thickening of the plasma leading to blockage of blood vessels, decreased blood flow increased risk of blood clots, and damage to skin, muscles, nerves, joints, kidneys and liver. The exact cause for this is not known. Symptoms consist of joint pain, glomerulonephritis, difficulty breathing, arthritis, Raynaud’s phenomenon, muscle aches, cyanosis, skin ulceration and necrosis, neurological symptoms, increased risk of infection, vessel inflammation, weakness, breathlessness, liver dysfunction, fatigue and nephritis. The different Types of Cryoglobulinemia are: Type I (monoclonal), Type II (mixed – monoclonal and polyclonal) and Type III (polyclonal). Treatment comprises of treating the underlying cause. Corticosteroids, Plasmapheresis are other treatments used.
For more details on this condition, please refer to our section BLOOD DISORDERS INFORMATION CENTER under our side menu.

Cholesterol Embolism (Purple Toe Syndrome)

This is a medical condition where the release of cholesterol in the body causes blood vessel obstruction in various parts of the body. Causes include: Atherosclerotic embolism, surgical induced embolism and use of anticoagulant medications. Symptoms consist of fever, muscle aches, weight loss, nausea, appetite loss, arterial pulsation, pain, purplish skin discoloration, renal failure, hypertension, abdominal pain, bowel obstruction, bloody stool, cauda equina syndrome, polyneuropathy, muscle weakness, mononeuropathy, cough, chest pain, dyspnea, blindness etc. All these are compilation of symptoms which occur depending on the different systems affected. Treatment depends on the systems involved.
To know more about Cholesterol Embolism, please read under our BLOOD DISORDERS INFORMATION CENTER .

Felty's Syndrome

Felty's syndrome is a rare medical condition characterized by decreased amount of white blood cells, recurrent infections, rheumatoid arthritis and swelling of spleen. A combination of leukopenia, neutropenia, splenomegaly and rheumatoid arthritis form the Felty's Syndrome. The exact cause of this condition is not clear. Signs and Symptoms comprise of appetite and weight loss, malaise, pallor, recurrent infections, fatigue, joint pain, swelling, stiffness and deformity. Treatment comprises of managing the underlying condition. In some cases, surgery is done to remove the spleen.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection / AIDS

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection is a viral infection with different symptoms in its different phases. This infection is transmitted through sexual contact, blood transfusion, sharing needles and pregnancy. Symptoms depend of the stage of the condition and commonly consist of fever, sore throat, pharyngitis, bronchitis, headache, night sweats, diarrhea, skin rash, muscle soreness, mouth/ genital ulcers, swollen lymph glands, joint pain, fatigue, diarrhea, chest pain, weight loss, profuse sweating, shortness of breath, blurred vision, signs of pneumonia and persistent lesions in the oral cavity.

Complications of this condition are many and include: Peripheral neuropathic pain, infections (pneumonia, encephalitis, histoplasmosis etc.), post herpetic neuralgia, abdominal pain and headache (sinus infection, brain infections/ tumors, migraines, strokes etc.).

Treatment varies and consists of medications like NSAIDs, metabolites, antidepressant analgesics, tricyclic antidepressants, antiepileptic analgesics and opioids. Other treatment modalities comprise of massage, physical therapy, ultrasound and electrical stimulation, acupuncture, acupressure, biofeedback and relaxation techniques, TENS unit, and other alternative medicines.

We have covered this topic in extensive detail regarding the symptoms, complications and various treatments and its side effects in our BLOOD DISORDERS INFORMATION CENTER .

Porphyria

Porphyria is a rare medical condition developing as a result of excessive secretion of porphyrins. Accumulation of porphyrin causes chronic diseases affecting the nervous system and skin. The cause is often inherited mutation. Porphyria can also be triggered from some environmental factors. Porphyria is classified as Acute Porphyria and Cutaneous Porphyria. Symptoms of both the types of porphyria include: Insomnia, anxiety, constipation, vomiting, muscle pains, numbness, tingling, weakness, excessive sweating, seizure, hypertension, hallucination, hematuria, erythema, itchiness and edema. Treatment comprises of treating the underlying cause, IV Hematin, pain killers, sedatives, IV fluids and beta-carotene supplements.

Q & A on Cryoglobulinemia

In this section, we have answered many questions regarding Cryoglobulinemia, such as:

  • How Is Cryoglobulinemia Defined?
  • Describe The Causes Of Cryoglobulinemia?
  • What Are The Types Of Cryoglobulinemia?
  • Which Diseases Are Associated With Cryoglobulinemia?
  • Describe The Effects Of Cryoglobulinemia On Organs?
  • What Are Some Of The Symptoms Of Cryoglobulinemia?
  • How Is Cryoglobulinemia Diagnosed?
  • What Are Some Of The Complications Of Cryoglobulinemia?

To know the answers to the above questions, please refer to our BLOOD DISORDERS INFORMATION CENTER present on the side menu.

Thalassemia ("Cooley's Anemia")

Thalassemia is a blood disorder where the body is not able to produce sufficient red blood cells resulting in anemia. The two main types of Thalassemia are: Mild/ minor thalassemia and major thalassemia or Alpha Thalassemia and Beta Thalassemia. The cause of Thalassemia is defective gene inherited from parent(s). Symptoms of Thalassemia comprise of stillbirth, fatigue, chest pain, dyspnea, pallor and skeletal deformities etc. Treatment comprises of blood transfusion, iron chelation and bone marrow transplant.

To read more about this condition, please refer to our BLOOD DISORDERS INFORMATION CENTER on the side menu.

Q and A on Hemorrhoids or Piles

In this section we have answered many questions regarding hemorrhoids such as:

  • What is Hemorrhoids or Piles?
  • Is Hemorrhoids or Piles a Serious Disease?
  • What is Internal Hemorrhoids or Piles?
  • What are the 4 Grades of Internal Hemorrhoids or Piles?
  • What is External Hemorrhoids or Piles?
  • What Causes Pain?
  • What Causes Bleeding?
  • What is Thrombosed Hemorrhoids or Piles?
  • Describe the Causes of Hemorrhoids or Piles?
  • What Are The Other Symptoms And Signs Of External Hemorrhoids or Piles?
  • What Are the Other Symptoms and Signs Of Internal Hemorrhoids or Piles?
  • When Should I See The Doctor For Hemorrhoids or Piles?
  • How Can One Avoid Getting Hemorrhoids or Piles?
  • What Is The Treatment For Hemorrhoids or Piles?
  • What Are The Conservative Treatment Options For Hemorrhoids or Piles?
  • What Are The Medications Used To Treat Hemorrhoids or Piles?
  • What Are The Surgical Procedures To Treat Hemorrhoids or Piles?
  • What Are The Complications Of Hemorrhoids or Piles?
  • How to Prevent Hemorrhoids or Piles?

I am sure you are curious to know the answers and in our BLOOD DISORDERS INFORMATION CENTER , we have answered each and every question regarding hemorrhoids in great detail. So, please click under this topic to quench your curiosity.

Other Blood Disorder Topics Which are Covered in This Section:

Written, Edited or Reviewed By:

, MD, FFARCSI

Last Modified On: May 2, 2016

Pain Assist Inc.

Pramod Kerkar
  Note: Information provided is not a substitute for physician, hospital or any form of medical care. Examination and Investigation is necessary for correct diagnosis.

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