Gynaecologist Vs Obstetrician

There are two terms namely Gynaecologist and Obstetrician which are associated with reproductive care and pregnancy in women. Gynaecologists are generally trained with Obstetrics and Gynaecology together. Obstetricians are also trained together with obstetrics and Gynecology together. Though there are similarities between the two; there are some differences between the Gynaecologist and Obstetrician. Almost all modern gynaecologists are also known as obstetricians. More about the differences between the two will be discussed in the following arrays of the article.

Gynaecologist Vs Obstetrician

Gynaecologist Vs Obstetrician: Differences Worth Knowing

Gynaecologist Vs Obstetrician: Differences Based On Definition

A Gynaecologist is strictly devoted to the reproductive care of women. It can rather be said, Gynaecologist is a doctor who specializes in the medical care of women and their reproductive system including vagina, ovaries, uterus etc.

However, Obstetrician is concerned with women while pregnancy and also a little after pregnancy. Obstetrician is a doctor who specializes in the surgical care of women and their babies during and after childbirth.

Gynaecologist Vs Obstetrician: Differences Based On Specialization

Gynaecologist deals with mammograms and pap smear, vaginal or uterine infections, tubal ligations and hysterectomies, fertility issues and contraception etc. They confirm the pregnancy and then transfer the case to obstetrician.

Obstetrician looks after women with pregnancy and also takes care of childbirth and post natal or post partum care of the women. Obstetrician performs regular ultrasounds, especially during the 1st trimester, at 12th week and at the 20th week of pregnancy for determining health status of the foetus, for indentifying any complications and also for determining gestational period.

Gynaecologist Vs Obstetrician: Differences Based on Surgical Procedure

Gynaecologist performs the typical surgical procedures like hysterectomy, tubal ligation, oophorectomy, laproscopy, laprotomy, cystoscopy etc.

However, Obstetrician perform vaginal and caesarean deliveries, episiotomy etc.

Gynaecologist Vs Obstetrician: Differences Based On Diseases They Treat

Gynaecologist treats cancer of reproductive organs like uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, vagina, cervix, vulva etc. They also treat infertility, incontinence, dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, menorrhagia, fungal, protozoal or bacteria infections, etc.

However, Obstetrician does not treat diseases. They only deal with any complication while childbirth like, Ectopic pregnancy, pre-eclampsia, fetal distress, shoulder dystocia, placental abruption, uterine rupture, obstetrical hemorrhage, sepsis, prolapsed cord etc.

Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:May 16, 2017

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