What Is The Prognosis For MRSA?

MRSA is the short form of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. As the name implies, it is a category of staph bacteria but is resistant to varieties of antibiotic treatments available to treat bacterial infections. MRSA infection in individuals often takes place in their healthcare centers or from communities. However, patients in any hospital or similar type of healthcare facility are prone and susceptible to the condition, as they usually undergo surgical procedure or related treatment options, which allow spreading of MRSA in their bodies.

What Is The Prognosis For MRSA?

Key Factors To Estimate The Prognosis/Survival Rate

Indeed, the main question that comes in our mind is that how many years a person may survive if he/she is an MRSA patient. For this, doctors have said that even though there is no evidence about any specific numbers of years for the survival, MRSA prognosis depends on different factors, such as complications of the disease, treatment with teicoplanin MICs and adopted preventative techniques, as we have discussed here.

Treatment With Teicoplanin MICs

We all know that common antibiotics fail to treat or manage symptoms related to MRSA disease, because of which doctors are consistently finding new treatment options, including the treatment teicoplanin -based MICs i.e. methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Especially, doctors want to study the effect of teicoplanin MICs in the prognosis or survival rate of an MRSA patient treated with teicoplanin bloodstream infection.

Steps Performed

  • Doctors enrolled adult patients with teicoplanin MRSA BSI in two different medical centers of Taiwan in a retrospective manner.
  • Doctors isolate MRSA from their blood and submit to determine MICs to different types of multi-locus sequence and antibiotic medicines.

Results Obtained

At the end of the experiment, doctors found that the mentioned study related to MRSA treatment fails to say anything about the prognosis of MRSA in adult patients. (1)

Prognosis According To The Complications In Case Of MRSA

Prognosis in case of MRSA also depends on widespread infections and serious complications faced by any patient. If the condition of any patient becomes severe, skin infections lead to necrosis i.e. death of tissues. Besides this, patients deal with other MRSA complications, about which we have discussed here.

  • Infections in the nervous system, also known as abscess of the spinal cord or brain
  • Infection in the connective tissue i.e. cellulitis
  • Membrane infection across the heart lines i.e. endocrditis
  • Failure of kidney or any other organ
  • Bone marrow infection i.e. osteomyelitis
  • Throat infection i.e. pharyngitis and Sinus infection
  • Blood poisoning including the problem of septicemia
  • Respiratory infection or pneumonia leading to lungs infection
  • Septic bursitis or septic arthritis i.e. joint infections
  • Blood clot formation and vein inflammation i.e. Thrombophlebitis
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Toxic shock syndrome, which involves different organs or body systems

Prognosis Depends On Adopted Prevention Techniques/Precautions

  • Prognosis or survival rate associated with MRSA also depend on your adopted precautions and prevention techniques, as per the recommendations given by your doctor.
  • Wash the hands regularly after you touch body fluids, blood, excretions, secretions and similar types of contaminated items, whether you wear gloves or not.
  • Perform the essential hand hygiene related activities between different tasks and procedures even on the same patient to avoid cross-contamination of his/her different sites of the body.
  • You should never forget about wearing a gown, gloves and the necessary protective wear to cover your eyes, nose and mouth whenever you have to touch any potentially infected material, including the patient’s blood, non-intact skin, mucous membranes and urine or stool incontinent of a patient.
  • High-touch areas, like patients’ tables, bed rails and door handles should always be in clean condition. For this, you should never hesitate using the essential disinfectants. (1)

References-

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3637324/

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