What Do We Mean By Having A Hole In The Bladder?
The bladder is a reservoir for urine in the body. When in a relaxed state with no urine present it resembles the shape of a pear. It has muscle tissues which have the ability to expand and contract when urine fills in the bladder. The urine is made in the kidney which is then transported to the bladder. Once urine starts filling the bladder the muscle tissues start expanding. When the bladder is full with urine the muscles tissues start contracting and pass the urine to the urethra from where it is disposed out of the body.
Normally there is no opening in the bladder except for an opening which connects it to the bowel. However, sometimes due to a penetrating injury such as a gunshot or a stabbing wound the bladder walls tend to rupture resulting in a hole in the bladder.
An individual with a hole in the bladder will have persistent difficult to treat urinary tract infection, or will have a foul smelling urine, or passing of gas through the urethra while urinating.
What Can Cause A Hole In The Bladder?
A hole in the bladder is a rare phenomenon but may occur as a result of a blocked bladder outlet or any sort of damage to the bladder. A penetrating injury to the bladder in the form of a gunshot wound or a stabbing injury can cause a hole in the bladder.
A hole in the bladder can also be caused by certain surgical procedures done in and around the bladder region. A hole in the bladder is mostly seen in females who have a history of surgical procedure involving the pelvic region like hysterectomy or a C-section.
Certain gynecological cancers also tend to result in a hole in the bladder. Radiation therapy to treat these gynecological cancers may also result in a hole in the bladder.
In conclusion, a hole in the bladder is a rare phenomenon which occurs as a result of damage to the bladder in the form of an injury such as during act of violence or it may also be as a result of certain surgical procedures around the bladder area to involve the pelvic regions.
Females are prone to holes in the bladder as they tend to have surgical procedures like hysterectomy and C-section which involves the pelvic region and predisposes them to a hole in the bladder during the surgery. Radiation therapy for treatment of certain gynecological forms of cancer like ovarian cancer can also result in a hole in the bladder.
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