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Pedunculated Uterine Leiomyomas : Clinical Presentation, Diagnosis, and Management

Uterine leiomyomas, also known as uterine fibroids, are common benign tumors that arise from the smooth muscle tissue of the uterus. While leiomyomas typically develop within the uterine wall, in some cases, they may present as pedunculated uterine leiomyomas. This rare presentation involves the fibroid growing on a stalk or pedicle, extending into the uterine cavity or protruding outside the uterus.[1]

Pedunculated uterine leiomyomas present unique diagnostic and management challenges for healthcare providers.[1] This article aims to explore the rare occurrence of pedunculated uterine leiomyomas, their clinical presentation, diagnostic methods, and the management strategies involved.

Understanding Pedunculated Uterine Leiomyomas:

Pedunculated uterine leiomyomas are characterized by the presence of a fibroid growth that is attached to the uterus by a slender stalk or pedicle. The peduncle can vary in length and thickness, and the fibroid itself can either project into the uterine cavity (submucous pedunculated leiomyoma) or extend outside the uterus (subserous pedunculated leiomyoma). This distinct presentation differentiates pedunculated leiomyomas from other types of uterine fibroids.[2]

Clinical Presentation of Pedunculated Uterine Leiomyomas:

The symptoms and clinical presentation of pedunculated uterine leiomyomas can vary depending on the size, location, and mobility of the fibroid. Common symptoms include pelvic pain, abnormal uterine bleeding (such as heavy or prolonged menstrual periods), pressure or fullness in the pelvic region, and urinary or bowel disturbances.[3]

In cases where the pedunculated fibroid protrudes outside the uterus, there may be visible or palpable abdominal masses. It is important to note that some pedunculated uterine leiomyomas may be asymptomatic and incidentally detected during routine pelvic examinations or imaging studies.[3]

Diagnostic Methods of Pedunculated Uterine Leiomyomas:

Diagnosing pedunculated uterine leiomyomas involves a comprehensive evaluation and the use of various diagnostic tools. Healthcare providers may perform a thorough medical history assessment, including a detailed analysis of symptoms and their impact on daily life.[4]

Physical examinations, such as pelvic examinations, can help identify palpable masses or changes in the uterus. Imaging modalities, including transvaginal ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or hysteroscopy, may be employed to visualize and determine the characteristics of the pedunculated fibroid, its location, and its relationship with adjacent structures.[4]

Management Challenges of Pedunculated Uterine Leiomyomas:

Managing pedunculated uterine leiomyomas can be challenging due to several factors. The treatment approach depends on factors such as the size, location, and symptoms associated with the fibroid, as well as the patient’s reproductive plans and overall health.[5, 6]

Treatment options may range from conservative management for asymptomatic fibroids to surgical interventions, including myomectomy (removal of the fibroid) or hysterectomy (removal of the uterus). The choice of management should be individualized, taking into account the patient’s symptoms, desire for future fertility, and overall well-being.[5, 6]

Follow-Up and Monitoring:

After the initial management, regular follow-up and monitoring are crucial to ensure the effectiveness of the chosen treatment strategy. Follow-up visits may include physical examinations, imaging studies, and discussions about symptom improvement or recurrence. It is important to address any concerns or new symptoms that arise during the follow-up period to provide appropriate care and support.[5, 6]


Pedunculated uterine leiomyomas are a rare presentation of uterine fibroids, characterized by fibroid growth on a stalk or pedicle. Healthcare providers face unique diagnostic challenges when encountering this condition.[1, 2, 4, 5, 6]

Accurate diagnosis through thorough medical history assessment, physical examinations, and imaging studies is essential for effective management. Treatment options range from conservative measures to surgical interventions, depending on the patient’s symptoms, reproductive plans, and overall health.[4, 5, 6]

Regular follow-up and monitoring are crucial to evaluate the treatment’s effectiveness and address any new concerns that may arise. By understanding the unique considerations and challenges associated with pedunculated uterine leiomyomas, healthcare providers can provide comprehensive care and support to patients affected by this condition.[5, 6]


Team PainAssist
Team PainAssist
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Team PainAssist, Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:June 28, 2023

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