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What is Eczematous Dermatitis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, Natural Remedies

Wondering what is eczematous dermatitis? Well, eczematous dermatitis is a common type of skin rashes. It is the reaction pattern caused by a certain different but interrelated skin conditions. In this article, we look at eczematous dermatitis in detail along with its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatments and natural remedies.

What is Eczematous Dermatitis?

What is Eczematous Dermatitis?

Eczematous dermatitis is a fairly common condition and affects many people. Atopic dermatitis or eczema, dyshidrotic eczema, contact dermatitis, neurodermatitis and stasis dermatitis are the common types of eczematous dermatitis. Eczema is the most common subtype of eczematous dermatitis. Treatment for any type of eczematous dermatitis depends on the underlying skin condition which causes the rash. Since so many different types of skin conditions can cause these symptoms, it is essential to accurately identify the causal condition to ascertain the right treatment plan.

Knowing the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatments and natural remedies can help in preventing and managing the condition better.

Symptoms of Eczematous Dermatitis

Even though the underlying skin conditions are generally different, they all exhibit a similar overall reaction pattern. The common symptoms of eczematous dermatitis are red, irritated, itchy and inflamed skin and occasional formation of fluid-filled blisters.

Causes of Eczematous Dermatitis

The causes of eczematous dermatitis, just like other skin conditions are complex and depend on various factors. A person’s living condition and location, genetics, their body’s immune response, and what they come into contact with are certain factors which can trigger eczematous dermatitis.

The symptoms of this condition or a flare-ups are believed to be caused by an overreaction of the body’s immune system to an irritant or allergen. Eczematous dermatitis, especially eczema, is more prominent in families who have a history of allergies that have a similar cause. While the exact cause is intrinsic, the factors that trigger the condition can be considered as the contributing causes of eczematous dermatitis. Patients can prevent or minimize the outbreaks by simply avoiding the triggers for their rashes.

Eczematous dermatitis is not contagious. It can be effectively managed with dermatological treatment and by avoiding any known triggers.

Treatment of Eczematous Dermatitis

For any type of skin rash, it is best to visit a doctor to determine the severity and type of the skin rash and start the appropriate treatment.

For diagnosing eczematous dermatitis, the doctor would check the patient’s skin and talk to them about their symptoms, general health history, and any history of rashes or allergies that run in their family. While the treatment of eczematous dermatitis differs based on the underlying condition causing the rash, they usually focus on lessening inflammation and relieving the itching to avoid potential infection. Antihistamines, corticosteroids, drugs that work on the immune system, and OTC cream and ointment containing hydrocortisone are commonly used to treat eczematous dermatitis.

Natural Remedies For Treatment of Eczematous Dermatitis

Some natural remedies for eczematous dermatitis can help ease the symptoms, replenish dermal moisture and protect the skin’s natural barrier. These include

  • Evening Primrose Oil – Evening primrose oil is one of the natural remedies for eczematous dermatitis that can be used topically for soothing irritated skin. This oil can also be taken orally for treating eczema and preventing inflammation in the body.
  • Colloidal Oatmeal – Colloidal oatmeal helps to soothe and soften inflamed skin, hence is used as one of the natural remedies for eczematous dermatitis. It is available in the form of cream and powder as well. Sufferers of eczematous dermatitis can mix colloidal oatmeal powder into lukewarm bathwater and soak in it for 10 to 15 minutes. This remedy can help in relieving the itching and softening the rough skin.
  • Coconut oil – Coconut oil is a natural moisturizer which exhibits powerful antibacterial abilities which helps prevent skin infection. People with eczematous dermatitis can apply virgin or chemical free cold compressed coconut oil on the affected skin regions to prevent the patches of inflamed skin from cracking, oozing and thus blocking the entry of bacteria in the skin. This is one of the age old natural remedies for various skin problems.
  • Witch hazel – Witch hazel is yet another natural remedy for eczematous dermatitis. It demonstrates natural astringent properties. It is used as a topical remedy for calming inflamed skin, relieving itching and drying-up oozing areas.
  • Sunflower oil – Extracted from sunflower seeds, this oil helps to protect the outer layer of the skin, keep it hydrated, prevent bacterial infection and relieve itching and inflammation. Undiluted sunflower oil can be applied directly on the skin, preferably post bathing while skin is still wet. This too is one of the best natural remedies for eczematous dermatitis.

However, when taking prescription medications for eczematous dermatitis, it is important to consult your doctor before trying the natural remedies.


Apart from practicing proper self-care, people suffering from eczematous dermatitis are advised to keep away from anything that lead to skin irritation and dryness to cause a flare-up. They should avoid scented soap or body wash, woolen clothes, tight clothing, animal dander, pollen, and perfumed detergents. Even milk, eggs, soy, peanut and wheat are common food allergens which can trigger the symptoms of eczematous dermatitis. One should also try to stay away from anything which causes sweating, like strenuous exercises. If not avoidable, it is important to wipe it off, wash and have baths to keep the skin clean.


  1. American Academy of Dermatology Association. (n.d.). Eczema vs. atopic dermatitis: What’s the difference? https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/eczema/atopic-dermatitis
  2. Mayo Clinic. (2021). Atopic dermatitis (eczema). https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/atopic-dermatitis-eczema/symptoms-causes/syc-20353273
  3. National Eczema Association. (n.d.). What is eczema? https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/
  4. WebMD. (2021). What is eczema? https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/eczema/eczema#1
  5. Healthline. (2021). Eczema: Symptoms, causes, and treatments. https://www.healthline.com/health/eczema

Also Read:

Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:September 4, 2023

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