Spongiotic Dermatitis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, Home Remedies, Diagnosis

Spongiotic dermatitis is a skin condition affecting many people. It is important to about spongiotic dermatitis, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, home remedies and preventive measures to be able to manage the condition well.

What is Spongiotic Dermatitis ?

What is Spongiotic Dermatitis ?

Spongiotic dermatitis is a type of dermatitis, in which there is fluid build-up in the skin which results in swelling. It is a non-contagious condition which makes the skin appear red, dry, itchy, and cracked. This widespread condition involves inflammation of the skin and, it is triggered by allergies. Spongiotic dermatitis is mostly closely linked with eczema or atopic dermatitis and is common in people who are prone to such allergic skin conditions. Knowing in detail about spongiotic dermatitis, its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, home remedies and prevention can help you in every way.

Symptoms of Spongiotic Dermatitis

Symptoms of spongiotic dermatitis include skin redness, dryness, scaly skin and irritation, coin-shaped skin rashes, skin lesions, oozing blisters and severe dandruff. Scratching in the affected area can cause pain, burning and even infection. Mild symptoms can clear up quickly, or can be a long-term condition, in some cases.

In rare cases, spongiotic dermatitis can be a result of an underlying condition, which is a form of skin cancer called cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.

Causes of Spongiotic Dermatitis

Spongiotic dermatitis can be a variant of other types of dermatitis like eczema, seborrheic dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, and other allergic skin reactions. The causes of spongiotic dermatitis can be similar to the trigger factors of these skin conditions. Age, allergies, family history, and irritants are factors influence the risk of spongiotic dermatitis.

Some of the causes of spongiotic dermatitis include allergies to certain substances, medications or food. In some people, stress, fungal infection, fluctuations in hormone levels, temperature changes, contact with irritants like certain chemicals and metals too can trigger spongiotic dermatitis.

Treatment of Spongiotic Dermatitis

A doctor can diagnose spongiotic dermatitis by examining the skin and asking them about specific symptoms, their lifestyle, diet and family history. The doctor may also carry out a patch test and biopsy on the patient to further confirm the diagnosis.

Even though there is no specific treatment of spongiotic dermatitis, flare-ups can be treated with proper medications, lifestyle changes and skin care.

It is advisable to use a skin moisturizer to prevent dryness. Staying hydrated and keeping the skin hydrated is equally important. To manage the symptoms, the treatment of spongiotic dermatitis includes taking medicines like antihistamines and oral steroids, such as prednisolone. Topical steroid creams are often prescribed to treat this condition. Also, for those with an immune system problem, topical creams with calcineurin inhibitors can help. These also help to relieve the skin symptoms.

Undergoing ultraviolet light treatment or phototherapy, and taking fish oil or vitamin A and vitamin E can also help to relieve the symptoms.

Home Remedies For Treatment Of Spongiotic Dermatitis

The treatment of spongiotic dermatitis can be managed naturally by:

Soaking for 10 to 15 minutes in bathwater with over-the-counter colloidal oatmeal or baking soda mixed in it can help to soothe the skin rash.

Using a cold compress on the affected area can also help to ease the symptoms. A folded clean handkerchief can be dipped into cold water and placed on the rash for 10 to 15 minutes every hour. This wet compress is effective in drying up oozing blisters.

  • Applying sunflower seed oil or coconut oil on the rash can help to naturally moisturize the affected skin region and relieve the dermal dryness and itchiness.
  • Applying Vaseline or other thick moisturizing reams to skin every day to keep it well hydrated and ease dermal dryness and itchiness.
  • Washing the hair as frequently as possible with shampoos containing ketoconazole and other anti-dandruff medications, or as advised medically.
  • Adding more probiotics to the regular diet to prevent bacterial infection in the skin.
  • Practicing relaxation techniques to ease stress and prevent spongiotic dermatitis from getting worse.

While these home remedies for spongiotic dermatitis are usually effective, it is best to consult your doctor, if it does not resolve the symptoms in few days.

Prevention of Flare-Ups of Spongiotic Dermatitis

Following a daily skin care routine, keeping the skin well moisturized and hydrated, and avoiding potential triggers like certain cosmetics and foods is essential for preventing flare-ups. Scratching the rash and using common skin irritants like shower gels, soaps and detergents should also be avoided by the patients. Avoid strenuous activities which can cause sweating and also avoid wearing woolen and tight-fitting clothes.

Although a challenging condition, spongiotic dermatitis is still manageable. The right treatment plan including proper medication, skincare, and dietary and lifestyle changes can significantly help to relieve the symptoms and decrease in the potential risk of flare-ups.

Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:February 2, 2019

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