Milia refers to a condition of the skin in which tiny little bumps occur on the skin of typically the nose, chin and cheeks. These are usually seen in new-born babies and infants. However, they can be seen in persons of any age and sex.
What Is The Best Treatment For Milia?
There is no need to treat milia, as milia usually disappear on its own within a few days or at the most a few weeks. Hence, there cannot be a best treatment as such.
However, if they are a cause of concern or just causing plain discomfort, there are several ways that may help you to deal with them. Let us have a look at the different ways that may help you to take care of milia-
Never try to remove or poke them on your own–
- Doing this may lead to bleeding, scabbing and scarring
- This may also be a cause of germs entering the area and causing an infection
- It is best to leave them alone, especially in babies under 6 months of age
- If at all they bother you a lot, it is best to see your doctor about the same
Clean the area regularly–
- Clean your face and the affected area regularly with a gentle, non-irritating soap
- Do not use harsh soaps or cleansers as they can strip off the natural oils in your skin that are necessary to maintain the oil balance and health of your skin
- Pat the skin dry after washing. Letting it air dry will make it dry and chafed
- Taking steam after cleansing will help in opening the clogged pores
- Anything trapped in the pores will find a way to get out due to steaming
- Gently exfoliate the skin
- This will help your skin get rid of the trapped irritants that are the cause of milia
- However, don’t overdo it, as it may irritate the skin further
Apply some rose water–
Spritzing some rose water may give some relief from milia.
Choose a right sunscreen–
Wearing a light sunscreen can protect you from sun’s harmful rays as well as give some protection from the irritation that may lead to milia
Using a retinoid cream–
- Using a topical retinoid cream can help you get rid of milia according to some experts
- Retinoid creams are the ones that have vitamin A
- Vitamin a is extremely essential for your skin health
- These creams can be used once a day, on a clean and dry face
However, make sure to apply a sunscreen when using retinoid creams, as these creams increase the skin’s susceptibility to UV damage
Apart from these methods, there are a few treatment options that can be sought with the help of your doctor, if your milia is causing you discomfort. These methods are as follows-
- Deroofing- this technique involves picking of the contents of the cysts by a sterile needle
- Cryotherapy- in this method, liquid nitrogen is used to freeze milia. This is the commonest method used in the treatment of milia
- Chemical peels- the first layer of the skin is peeled off with the use of the chemical peels and the new skin is uncovered
- Topical retinoids- these usually come in the form of creams that contain vitamin a in large amounts. These are used for exfoliation of the skin.
- Laser ablation- in this method, by focusing laser on the affected areas the cysts are removed
- Destruction curettage- the cysts are removed or scraped surgically and then cauterized in this treatment method
- Diathermy- thermy refers to heat. In this method extreme heat is used to destroy the cysts
Milia cannot be prevented. Also, there is no need to treat milia as it usually goes away on its own within a few weeks or months. However, simply to ease the discomfort, some of the above given methods can be implemented.