The growth plate which is also given the name of epiphyseal plate is a hyaline cartilage plate that is present at each end of the long bone. This is found in children and young adults who are still in the stage of growth. In adults, the growth is replaced by an epiphyseal line.
The distal humerus growth plate fracture is a medical condition where there is a fracture of distal growth plate that is located at fag end of humerus, which constitutes the superior part of elbow joint. This type of fracture is seen in children and can be caused by any type of trauma like falling etc.
The growth plate is a cartilage in children and young adults. This cartilage hardens into a bone when growth is complete and the bones get matured. The growth plates are more prone to fractures as they are the last bones to mature. Hence, they occur in children since they are still in their growth stage their musculoskeletal system has not matured.
Symptoms of Distal Humerus Growth Plate Fracture
- Instant pain after trauma or fall.
- Impaired motion of elbow.
- Development of swelling.
- Deformity of elbow.
Causes of Distal Humerus Growth Plate Fracture
- Falling on elbow.
- Direct impact to elbow.
- Trauma such as automobile accidents.
Treatment of Distal Humerus Growth Plate Fracture
- Imaging studies like x-ray or MRI to confirm diagnosis.
- If fracture is diagnosed, then seeking medical attention immediately is imperative.
- Treatment is dependent on the degree of fracture and displacement.
- Minor fractures heal with casting and immobilization in a month to six weeks.
- Displaced fractures need manipulation either by hands or via surgery. After realignment of bones, casting is done for healing purposes.
- In cases of acute fractures, procedure is done using screws and pins to join the fragments together.
- After complete healing of the fracture, the affected individual needs to enroll in a rehab program with emphasis on stretching and strengthening to restore mobility, flexibility, and attain range of motion of arm.