Ulnar Nerve Contusion

Ulnar Nerve Contusion: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment- Cold Therapy, Cast, Exercises

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The ulnar nerve traverses down the interior side of elbow. Contusion to ulnar nerve signifies a bruising injury to the nerve near the surface of skin as a result of direct trauma. Contusion results in capillaries to tear and bleed. The blood from torn capillaries enters the nerve. If it is a direct injury to the nerve, then it causes damage of the nerve. Symptoms of ulnar nerve contusion are pain, weakness, and loss of sensation in the fourth and fifth digits.[1]

Ulnar Nerve Contusion

Symptoms of Ulnar Nerve Contusion[2]

  • Sensation of tingling, numbness and burning sensation in the hand and digits.
  • Acute pain which can radiate from elbow to wrist.
  • Weakness of hand.
  • Weakness of grip.
  • Swelling of elbow.
  • Presence of tenderness in the inside part of elbow.
  • Muscle atrophy.
  • A reduction in the performance of sportsmen especially those who require strong grip.

Causes of Ulnar Nerve Contusion

Causes of Ulnar Nerve Contusion[3]

  • Traction injury.
  • Progressive compression due to inflammation and adhesions as a result of repetitive strain.
  • Direct blow.
  • Bony growth in ulnar groove.
  • Sportsmen involved in football, soccer etc. are more prone to have this type of injury.

Treatment of Ulnar Nerve Contusion[4]

  • Rest is imperative in order for t he injury to heal.
  • Cold therapy to reduce pain and calm down swelling.
  • The arm needs to be immobilized by casting or usage of a splint.
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs can be used.
  • Neural stretching exercise is beneficial.
  • Stretching and strengthening exercise can be begun as and when the pain calms down.
  • If pain does not come down, then a surgical procedure may be needed.