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Kidney Stones Diet: Foods To Eat & Foods To Avoid If You Have Kidney Stones

About Kidney Stones

Kidney Stones are a common pathological condition involving the renal system of the body. A kidney stone is described as clumps of hard deposits that accumulate on the inner wall of the kidney. These deposits usually form when the urine becomes concentrated due to under-consumption of water or due to some underlying medical illness. If diagnosed and treated early, Kidney Stones are not harmful to the kidneys in any way. However, when diagnosed with a kidney stone there are certain foods which an individual can eat and certain foods that need to be avoided. Following the kidney stone diet can help prevent getting kidney stone and also get rid of it.

While most kidney stones are small and are passed easily through the urine just by consumption of more water, some stones may be quite big and require laser beams to break them into small pieces so that they can pass through the urine. A small kidney stone may not cause any symptoms of problems but a kidney stone which is quite large may cause obstruction of the urinary tract which may result in difficulty passing urine and even abdominal pain.

Kidney Stones Diet

Kidney Stones Diet: Foods To Eat & Foods To Avoid If You Have Kidney Stones

Some of the foods that an individual can eat with kidney stones are:

Fluids: Consume as much water as you can as this is the source through which kidney stones are eliminated from the body

Calcium Rich Foods: It is recommended that an individual with kidney stones eat a calcium rich diet to include plenty of milk, cheese, yogurt, and tofu. Increased consumption of fruits like lemons and oranges also helps.

Low Fat Diet: it is also recommended that an individual with kidney stone resort to a low fat diet like oatmeal, vegetable soup, salads, and brown rice as these help in preventing stone formation.

Some of the foods to avoid with kidney stones are:

Nuts: Nuts and its products are a big no when it comes to diet for kidney, especially peanuts as they are high in oxalates which promote stone formation

Spinach: Avoid eating spinach as it also promotes worsening of stone formation.

Meats: Avoid meats in any form like chicken, beef, mutton, and fish as it may lead to worsening of the Kidney Stones.

Tomatoes: Tomatoes need to be avoided in any form whether raw or pureed when dealing with kidney stones.

Restrict Salt Intake: An individual with kidney stones need to restrict the amount of salt as it leads to fluid retention which can worsen kidney stones. A visit with a nutritionist may be helpful in determining how much salt should be taken in a day for individuals with kidney stones.

Eggs: Individuals with kidney stones also need to avoid eggs along with fish as they tend to worsen the Kidney Stones. Again, a visit to a nutritionist can help in determining a perfect diet chart for individuals with Kidney Stones.

References:

  1. Mayo Clinic. (2021). Kidney Stones. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/kidney-stones/symptoms-causes/syc-20355755

  2. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. (2017). Kidney Stones. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/kidney-stones

  3. Cleveland Clinic. (2021). Kidney Stones: Diet and Nutrition. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/17741-kidney-stones-diet-and-nutrition

Also Read:

Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:September 21, 2023

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