What is Stage 3 Chronic Kidney Disease?
A person diagnosed with stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD) suffers from moderate damage to the kidneys. In addition, the stage comprises of two parts – reduction in GFR or Glomerular Filtration Rate to 45-49 mL/min in Stage 3A, and decrease in Glomerular Filtration Rate to 30-44 mL/min in Stage 3B.
Due to the decrease in the functionality of the kidney, waste products pile up in the body. The piling of the waste not only exerts pressure on the body but also declines the functionality of the kidney further. The entire scenario is life-threatening, as the rate of occurrence of kidney failure increases drastically. In stage 3 of kidney disease, the person is likely to develop anemia, high B.P (blood pressure), and bone diseases.
Signs of Stage 3 Chronic Kidney Disease
The following are the signs and symptoms experienced by a person who is suffering from stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD):
- Fluid retention
- Shortness of breath
- Change in urination color
- Excess passing of urination or reduction in passing of urine
- Excessive pain in the back
- Improper sleep
- Restless legs
- Muscle cramps.
Seeking Medical Assistance for Stage 3 Chronic Kidney Disease
In stage 3 chronic kidney disease, it is crucial for a person to consult a nephrologist, who specializes in the treatment of kidney diseases. The doctor will examine the patient and carry out a few tests to confirm the residence of stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD). The results will provide the doctor the ability to give the best assistance for the treatment. The main aim of a nephrologist is to ensure that the patient is alive and the kidneys are functioning for as long as possible.
How Can Diet Help With Stage 3 Chronic Kidney Disease?
Apart from the treatment offered by a nephrologist for stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD), it is also crucial to change the diet to ensure that the kidneys are functioning appropriately. Based on the results received from the lab, the dietician will prepare a diet plan that suits the individual needs. By following the meal plan, improving the functionality of the kidney is possible apart from the overall health. The diet prepared by the dietician changes from one individual to another, as the results of the condition vary from one to another. The diet will mainly consist of:
- Induction of good protein foods to for the daily requirement levels
- Depending on the level of potassium in the blood, the dietician will increase the content or reduce it
- Addition of different types of food products such as legumes, whole grains, vegetables, and fruits
- Reduce the content of phosphorus, especially the processed foods, to ensure that PTH level is normal and helps in avoiding the occurrence of bone disease & preserve the existing functionality of the kidneys
- Balancing the carbohydrates for patients suffering from diabetes
- Reduction in saturated fats for controlling cholesterol levels
- Lowering the content of sodium in the body to bring down high B.P (blood pressure)
- Reducing calcium quantity of the blood levels are above normal
- Consuming vitamins like vitamin c & b complex that are water soluble
- Avoiding the use of dietary supplements.
Apart from changing the diet and using medicines for stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD), participating in regular exercises and not smoking also help in prolonging the life of the kidney. When it comes to exercising activity, it is essential to talk with the doctor so that they can provide the necessary tips that do not exert excessive pressure that can cause wear and tear. As there is no cure for stage 3 chronic kidney diseases, reducing the progress is possible with the help of activities mentioned above.
- National Kidney Foundation. (2021). Chronic Kidney Disease Stages. https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/about-chronic-kidney-disease
- National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. (2020). Chronic Kidney Disease. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/kidney-disease/chronic-kidney-disease-ckd
- MedlinePlus. (2021). Chronic Kidney Disease. https://medlineplus.gov/chronickidneydisease.html