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Symptoms of Kidney Failure & Why Does Kidney Failure Occur?

Kidneys are a pair of organs situation on either side of the spine just below the lower ribs. They are helpful in removing the waste from the human system. The waste consists of compounds from the blood, muscular structure, and toxins. The residue filtered through the kidneys reaches to the bladder, where it comes out during urination.

Symptoms of Kidney Failure & Why Does Kidney Failure Occur?

Kidney failure occurs when the organs lose their ability to function appropriately in removing the waste from the body. The factors that affect the strength of the functionality of the kidneys are:

  • Severe trauma to the organs
  • Exposure to toxic contents, environmental pollutants, and medications
  • Increased dehydration
  • Chronic and acute diseases.

Due to improper functioning of the kidneys, the body tends to store the waste, which leads to a life-threatening condition.

Symptoms of Kidney Failure

The symptoms that one can experience during kidney failure change according to several factors. Any person with kidney failure will display a few symptoms. However, sometimes, one may not show any signs. The following are the possible symptoms of kidney failure:

  1. Reduction in the amount of urine passage
  2. Sudden and surge in the shortness of breath
  3. Confusion
  4. Coma
  5. Pressure or pain in the chest
  6. Seizures
  7. Nausea
  8. Excessive drowsiness
  9. Swelling of ankles, legs, and feet due to accumulation of the waste in the body by failure of kidneys

Why Does Kidney Failure Occur?

Many people who are at risk for the occurrence of kidney failure have one or more causes:

  1. Loss of Blood Supply to Kidney

    A sudden decline in the flow of blood to the kidneys can increase the risk factor for kidney failure. The following are the reasons or health conditions that can cause such as episode:

    1. Heart attack
    2. Diseases related to the heart
    3. Liver failure or scaring
    4. Dehydration
    5. Severe burn
    6. Allergic reaction to medicines
    7. Severe infections
    8. High blood pressure (B.P).
  2. Urine Elimination Problems

    Urine is one of the sources through which the body removes the toxins or waste produced by the kidneys. If the body fails to urinate at the required frequency, there is a build-up of residue in the body, leading to wear and tear on the kidneys. Additionally, symptoms that are prone to cause cancer possess the ability to narrow the passage of blood flow as well as urinary tract. Cancer causing elements that affect urination problems include prostate, cervical, colon, and bladder cancers.

  3. Other Conditions Which Cause Kidney Failure Include

    1. Kidney stones
    2. Enlarged prostate
    3. Blood clots in the urinary tract
    4. Severe damage to the nerves that control the bladder.
  4. Other Causes of Kidney Failure

    Other conditions that are responsible for kidney failure are:

    1. Blood clots around kidney region
    2. Infections
    3. Excessive load on the kidney to purify blood from toxins such as heavy metals
    4. Increased consumption of alcohol and drugs
    5. Presence of vasculitis, which causes inflammation of the blood vessels
    6. Presence of lupus, which causes inflammation to several organs in the body
    7. Inflammation causes to the blood vessels in the kidney by Glomerulonephritis
    8. Breakdown of red blood cells by Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
    9. Uncontrolled diabetes
    10. Allergic to dyes used in imaging tests and antibiotics.


Now that you understand why kidney failure occurs, it is time to evaluate your health to ensure that you do not possess any signs that lead to the development of kidney failure. If there are any, then ensure to undergo the treatment that will help you in reducing the symptoms and keeping you away from falling prey to the life-threatening condition.


  1. National Kidney Foundation. (2021). Kidney Failure. https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/kidneyfailure
  2. Mayo Clinic. (2021). Kidney Failure. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/kidney-failure/symptoms-causes/syc-20369048
  3. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. (2021). Kidney Disease Statistics for the United States. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-statistics/kidney-disease
Team PainAssist
Team PainAssist
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Team PainAssist, Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:September 25, 2023

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