Back pain is a common enough complaint in today's population; but it tends to get generalized as simply back pain, when in actuality, depending on the region of pain, it can be classified as upper, mid and lower back pain. We have discussed all the three types of back pain in our Back Pain Information Center; further more we have also covered the various medical conditions affecting each part of our back separately in different sections. In this particular section, which is the UPPER BACK PAIN INFORMATION CENTER, we will take you through various medical conditions afflicting our upper back and causing pain in the upper back with their causes, symptoms, classification and types, pathophysiology, investigations, treatment along with a detailed description on various physical therapy and exercises to combat upper back pain and increase the strength of our back muscles.
Given below is a brief summary on some of the topics we have covered. For a more detailed read, please refer to our UPPER BACK PAIN INFORMATION CENTER located on the side menu.
This is a medical condition where there is calcification and hardening of the regions of ligaments which are connected to the spine. The exact cause for this condition is not clear; however, risk factors comprise of being male, old age, diabetes, and use of certain medications like retinoids. Most of the times, there may be no symptoms; however, some of the symptoms which may be experienced include: Stiffness, pain, loss of movements, voice hoarseness and dysphagia. There is no permanent cure, as such for this condition; and treatment comprises of alleviating the symptoms and preventing them from worsening. Physical therapy is also helpful and surgery is done is severe cases.
To know more, please read under our UPPER BACK PAIN INFORMATION CENTER on our side menu.
This is a medical condition in which the neck muscles get injured resulting in a twisted or one side position of the neck. Large infants, babies with breech presentation, babies with congenital hip dislocations are more prone to having this condition. Causes include injury to the nervous system, muscles, upper part of the spine and hereditary reasons. Symptoms comprise of decreased range of motion of head, neck pain, headache, unequal shoulders, neck stiffness, swelling in the neck muscles. Treatment consists of passive stretching and positioning in babies. Surgery is done if conservative treatment doesn't help.
Cervical Radiculopathy is a condition where there is compression of the nerve root resulting in disruption in the function of the nerve. Common symptoms are: Numbness, pain, and muscular spasm of the neck. Cervical Radiculopathy is classified according to the nerve affected e.g.: C5 Radiculopathy, C6 Radiculopathy, C7 Radiculopathy, C8 Radiculopathy etc. Causes of cervical radiculopathy could be anything which compresses the spinal nerve root (degenerative changes, heavy manual labor, herniated disc etc.). Treatment depends on the symptoms and patient's general health and consists of medications to relieve pain, spasm, such as epidural injections, corticosteroids, NSAIDs etc. Physical Therapy involves using heat, massage, ultrasound, stretching, electrical stimulation, mobilization and gentle cervical traction. Surgery is done in severe cases and the surgical procedures include Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Anterior Cervical Fusion.
To read more, please refer to our UPPER BACK PAIN INFORMATION CENTER on the side menu where you will find all the information on this condition in great detail.
This is a medical condition where there is exaggerated forward curving of the upper back. Causes and Risk Factors include: Osteoporosis, degeneration of the discs, cancer and its treatment, Scheuermann's disease and congenital/birth defects, older females, having a bad posture, connective tissue disorders, such as Marfan syndrome. Symptoms are abnormal forward curvature of the spine, back stiffness, and back pain. Treatment is done by giving pain relievers, bone-strengthening drugs (for osteoporosis), stretching exercises and using braces. Surgery is done in severe cases.
Please read more on Hunchback under our UPPER BACK PAIN INFORMATION CENTER where other than information on causes, risk factors, symptoms, investigations and treatment, we also have given exercises in improving your posture and different techniques on how to adopt a correct posture when standing, sitting, sleeping, driving and walking.
Pain in the neck is a common problem, which can occur due to many reasons, such as sleeping in a wrong position, whiplash injury or rigorous physical activity etc. If the neck pain is severe, it can also cause dizziness and headaches. Neck Pain or Cervicalgia is classified as: Acute Neck Pain/ Cervicalgia and Chronic Neck Pain/ Cervicalgia. Causes include: Injury or trauma, old age, bad posture, obesity, weak abdominal muscles, stress etc. Other than pain, symptoms include: Neck soreness, stiffness, tingling, numbness, difficulty in performing certain activities, headache, night sweats, dizziness, nausea, vision disturbance, fever, tiredness, lymph node swelling etc. Treatment is done according to the cause and includes using cervical collars, cervical traction, medications (NSAIDs, muscle relaxants), physical therapy and surgery.
Other Upper Back Pain Topics Which are Covered in this Section: