Reviewed By: Pramod Kerkar, MD, FFARCSI

About Thrombocytopenic Purpura

Thrombocytopenic Purpura is a disorder characterized by extremely low platelet counts which causes easy bruising and bleeding in the affected individual. This condition is also known by the name of immune thrombocytopenia and can affect both children as well as adults.

Thrombocytopenic Purpura in children does not require any treatment and goes away by itself. A child can develop Thrombocytopenic Purpura mostly due to a viral infection. However, in adults this condition often stays for quite a long period of time and requires aggressive treatment and close monitoring of the platelet counts of the individual.

In some cases, the platelet counts may be dangerously low that it may cause internal bleeding which may be potentially life threatening. Thrombocytopenic Purpura is a treatable condition but it is imperative to know the causes of this condition. This article highlights some of the potential causes of Thrombocytopenic Purpura.

What Can Cause Thrombocytopenic Purpura?

What Can Cause Thrombocytopenic Purpura?

Studies suggest the immune system accidentally attacking the platelets and destroying them can cause Thrombocytopenic Purpura. If the cause behind the immune system attacking the platelets is not known then the condition is called Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura.

In children, viral infection like flu or mumps is the primary cause of Thrombocytopenic Purpura. These infections activate the immune system which then attacks the platelets resulting in Thrombocytopenic Purpura.

The antibodies produced by the immune system attach themselves to the platelets. The spleen recognizing the antibodies thus remove the platelets causing Thrombocytopenic Purpura. Individuals with Thrombocytopenic Purpura normally have platelets counts less than 20,000 with normal counts being around 150,000-450,000.

While Thrombocytopenic Purpura can occur in any individual, females tend to get affected by this condition more than males and viral infections like mumps and flu increase the risk of an individual developing Thrombocytopenic Purpura.

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Pramod Kerkar

Written, Edited or Reviewed By:

, MD,FFARCSI

Pain Assist Inc.

Last Modified On: September 19, 2018

This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer

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