Brain Information Center

Acute Ischemic Stroke: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment- Anticoagulants, Corticosteroids

Acute Ischemic Stroke

A blockage or obstruction anywhere in the arteries which supply the brain can cause an ischemic stroke. Know the Causes, Symptoms, Treatment- Anticoagulants, Corticosteroids.

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Alcohol Withdrawal Seizures: Causes, Symptoms, First Aid, Treatment, Prevention

Alcohol Withdrawal Seizures

Alcohol Withdrawal Seizures, as the name suggests, are seizures occurring in a person who has been a chronic alcoholic for many years and is trying to quit drinking or stop drinking alcohol. It is most important that the detox is done at a treatment center to decrease the risk of suffering from Alcohol Withdrawal Seizures. Know the causes, signs, symptoms, prevention, first aid and treatment for alcohol withdrawal seizure.

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Alzheimer’s Disease: Causes, Stages, Treatment, Prognosis

Alzheimer’s Disease

Although there is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease, a symptomatic management is what is done. The treatments available aim at slowing down the progression of the disease. Know its casues, stages, diagnosis, treatment and management, and about Alzheimer’s in Women.

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Anencephaly or Anencephalic Baby: Causes, Symptoms, Survival Rate, Treatment, Epidemiology, Prevention

Anencephaly or Anencephalic Baby

In case of anencephaly or anencephalic baby, the brain of the child does not possess skull, cranium, meninges, brain hemisphere and cerebellum. The defect occurs in the initial phase of pregnancy during third to fourth week and hinders the survival of the newborns. Know the causes, symptoms, treatment, prognosis, survival rate, epidemiology of anencephaly or anencephalic baby.

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Aphasia: Causes, Symptoms, Types, Treatment, Recovery, Prognosis, Coping Tips


The condition or illness which disables your capacity to communicate is known as Aphasia. Usually aphasia occurs all of a sudden after a head injury or a stroke. Once the cause of aphasia has been identified, the chief treatment for aphasia is the language and speech therapy. Know the causes, symptoms, types, treatment, recovery and prognosis of Aphasia.

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Apraxia: What Causes Difficulty Initiating Speech and How is it Treated?


There are various forms of Apraxia and one of the forms is Apraxia of speech where the victim meets with difficulty in initiating speech. Know the causes, symptoms, treatment and prognosis of Apraxia or difficulty initiating speech.

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Arachnoid Cyst: Causes, Symptoms, Tests to Diagnose

Arachnoid Cyst

In case of brain, the arachnoid cyst forms between the arachnoid membrane and the brain and in the case of spine the arachnoid cyst is formed between arachnoid membrane and spinal column. Thus it is called arachnoid cyst. Know the causes, symptoms and diagnosis of Arachnoid Cyst.

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Arachnoid Cyst: Prevention, Prognosis, Coping Tips

Arachnoid Cyst: Prevention

There are no preventions as such for arachnoid cyst yet as arachnoid cyst can be formed due to genetics and thus all you can do stay healthy and fit by exercising regularly and having a good balanced diet. The prognosis is good for arachnoid cyst. In most cases arachnoid cyst are not critical and a person having arachnoid cyst can lead a normal life.

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Are Brain Aneurysms Painful?

Are Brain Aneurysms Painful?

The presence of a brain aneurysm is painful. The individual who possesses it experiences severe headaches, stiffness in the neck, and trouble in speaking, blurred vision, and nausea. As it is not possible to identify its presence until a rupture occurs, taking note of the symptoms will be helpful in approaching a physician and seek appropriate treatment.

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Arnold Chiari Malformation: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Arnold Chiari Malformation

Arnold-Chiari Malformation is a pathological condition in which some tissues of brain tend to extend into the spinal canal. This usually happens if the skull is extremely small and out of shape pressurizing the brain to move in a downward direction.

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Astrocytoma: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prognosis, Life Expectancy


Astrocytoma is a form of a brain cancer which originates in a star shaped brain cells in the cerebrum called astrocytes. There are different types of Astrocytomas and they are graded from I to IV. The treatment of Astrocytoma depends on the type, size, and location of the tumor and also whether it has spread to the surrounding areas or not. People with Grade I Astrocytoma have a relatively good prognosis with surgery as the tumor is fairly localized and benign.

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Athetoid Cerebral Palsy: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Classification

Athetoid Cerebral Palsy

Athetoid Cerebral Palsy, which is also known by the name of dyskinetic cerebral palsy, is a form of a movement disorder in children as a result of some sort of damage to the brain in the developing stage. Know what is Athetoid Cerebral Palsy, its classification, causes, symptoms and treatment.

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Atonic Seizures: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prognosis

Atonic Seizures

Atonic seizures are also known as astatic seizure, drop attack and drop seizure. Anti-epileptic drugs are used to treat atonic seizures. Ketogenic diet can also benefit in atonic seizures. Prognosis depends on the diagnosis of the syndrome.

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Bacterial Meningitis: Causes, Risk Factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment- Antibiotics

Bacterial Meningitis

Bacterial meningitis is one of the most common types of meningitis and constitutes approximately 85% of cases of meningitis. Know the Causes, Risk Factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment-Antibiotics.

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Binswanger’s disease: Causes, Symptoms,Treatment, Prognosis

Binswanger’s disease

Binswanger’s disease is a type of vascular dementia that is caused by microscopic damage within the deep layers of the brain’s white matter. Binswanger’s disease usually affects during the fourth decade of life and the condition worsens with increasing age. The symptoms are usually noted between the ages of 54 to 66 years of age. Know the causes, symptoms, treatment and prognosis of Binswanger’s Disease.

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