There are more than one valves of heart, and the treatment of the respective heart valve is different. The treatment procedures of the valves also depend on how much of the leak is present.
Fix By Medicines: Ideally, when an aortic valve is leaked, most of the times, the patient is given medications to control blood pressure in milder cases. In case of severe leaky heart valve, an aortic valve repair or replacement surgery may have to be done.
By Making Lifestyle Changes: In case of leakage in mitral valve, the patient is strongly recommended to go for lifestyle changes by adopting a more active life with intake of nutritious food. This may prevent further complications associated with the condition of leaky heart valve. Yet, in case of severe leakage, the doctor may have to go for mitral valve repair or replacement surgery, whatever may be suitable.
By Surgery: Leakage of the tricuspid valve may be fixed by treating the symptoms caused by the leakage. Medicinal treatment helps the patient relieve swelling of the body associated with it. Although quite rare, but when the patient has severe leakage of the tricuspid valve, surgery has to be done in order to replace the leaky heart valve.
By Treating the Underlying Condition- A leak in the pulmonary valve has no form of direct target treatment. Since such a form of leak is caused some other medical condition, the treatment procedure involves curing the particular medical condition causing the leak will help in treating this leaky heart valve.
When to Visit A Doctor In Case The Patient Has A Leaky Heart Valve?
Among the various heart valve leakages, the aortic and mitral valve leakages are the most common forms of disease. One has to visit the doctor in case of the following symptoms of leaky heart valve:
Breathlessness: If the patient has overt shortness of breath even while doing daily mild activities.
Tiredness: The patient may feel tired and lethargic most of the times.
Fluid Retention Symptoms: There may be retention of fluid in the patient’s body like feet or ankles.
Chest Discomfort: The patient with leaky heart valve may complain of discomfort in the chest.
Dizziness: The patient may feel dizzy suddenly at times.
It should be noted that symptoms arise when heart valve leakage become severe. Most of the times in case of minor leakage there may not be any form of symptoms. Thus, it is important to go for routine checkup at least every year to ensure the heart valves are functioning wells without any associated problems.
What Kinds Of Medications Are Given To Treat A Leaky Heart Valve?
The medications involved in the treatment of heart valve leakage include-
Anti-Arrhythmic Medicines: The patients with leaky heart valve have irregular heart rhythms. Such symptoms are treated with anti-arrhythmic medicines.
Diuretics: Diuretics are involved in the treatment of leaky heart valve in order to drain out the excess of fluids accumulated in the blood stream and body tissues.
Beta Blockers: In order to treat the symptom of high blood pressure medications having beta blockers are prescribed. Such medicines prevent the problem heart palpitations.
Blood Thinners: Blood thinners in form of anticoagulants are used as these keep blood clotting at bay thereby maintaining the proper blood circulation without any accumulation of blood clots.
Vasodilators: Doctors are seen to prescribe vasodilators because they are known to reduce the blood pressure and also help in proper blood flow.
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