What Is Myxoma?

Atrial Myxoma is a form of a benign tumor which is usually located in the left upper side or the right side of heart. This tumor is usually found on the wall which divides the heart into two parts. The name given to this wall is Atrial Septum.

What Is Myxoma?

What Are The Causes Of Myxoma?

Myxoma as stated is a tumor present near the heart; hence, it can be stated as a cardiac myxoma or cardiac tumor. This tumor is pretty rare in occurrence. Majority of Myxomas that occur are present on the left side of the heart. These tumors are usually located on the Atrial Septum. This disease is commonly found in females and most of this disease is inherited. Such tumors which pass down from families tend to cause symptoms in an individual at a very young age.

What Are The Symptoms Of Myxoma?

Some Of The Symptoms Of Myxoma Are:

  • Shortness of breath when lying
  • Shortness of breath with sleeping
  • Chest pain
  • Dizziness
  • Syncopal events
  • Palpitations
  • Cyanosis in the fingers
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Malaise
  • Joint pains
  • Generalized swelling
  • Weight loss.

How Is Myxoma Diagnosed?

If Myxoma is suspected then the treating physician will conduct a detailed physical examination and check the heart for any abnormal sounds or murmurs. Apart from this, imaging studies may be conducted to include:

  • Chest x-rays
  • CT scan of chest
  • EKG
  • Dopplers
  • Angiography
  • CBC
  • ESR.

What Are Treatments For Myxoma?

The normal method of treatment for Myxoma is to remove the tumor surgically. Mitral valve replacement may be needed in some people. This disease tends to recur if all of the tumor is not removed at one time. Myxoma is not cancerous but if not treated adequately can cause embolism or make the tumor malignant. In case, the tumor spreads to the inside part of the heart then emergent surgery may be required to avoid lethal complications.

Complications Of Myxoma

Some Of The Complications Associated With Myxoma Are:

  • Arrhythmia
  • Pulmonary edema
  • Metastasis
  • Mitral valve blockage.

Written, Edited or Reviewed By:


Last Modified On: May 2, 2016

Pain Assist Inc.

Pramod Kerkar
  Note: Information provided is not a substitute for physician, hospital or any form of medical care. Examination and Investigation is necessary for correct diagnosis.

Popular Video


Symptom Checker

Hair Care

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Weight Loss

Acne Health

Slideshow:  Home Remedies, Exercises, Diet and Nutrition

Find Pain Physician

Subscribe to Free ePainAssist Newsletters

By clicking Submit, I agree to the ePainAssist Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of ePainAssist subscriptions at any time.

Copyright © 2017 ePainAssist, All rights reserved. Protection Status