DVT or deep vein thrombosis is a condition that leads to death if unattended upon detecting in the first stage. The presence of DVT or deep vein thrombosis is due to the formation of the blood clots in the vein by the vessels. The critical factor of all is its ability to grow in size, break out from the vein, and flow into other parts of the body through the bloodstream. When such a state occurs, it becomes difficult for the person to survive, as the clots begin to block the passage of the blood flow to other organs such as heart, lungs, brain, and kidney.
What is DVT During Pregnancy?
The presence of DVT or deep vein thrombosis is high in pregnant women when compared to non-pregnant women. The ratio is high when compared to women of the same age who are not pregnant. It is difficult to state when the clot formation is likely to occur but it can stay even after childbirth for a period of six weeks. The reason why women develop is the non-movement as the pregnancy progresses and weight gain. Other risk factors of DVT during pregnancy include the following:
- Had a previous episode of DVT or deep vein thrombosis
- The age is above 35
- The presence of thrombophilia – a condition where the formation of the clots is high
- Obesity with BMI of over 30
- Carrying twins
- Having a family history of deep vein thrombosis
- Undergoing a fertility treatment
- Undergone a cesarean section
- Immobility for an extended period, which includes long distance travels of more than four hours
- User of tobacco products
- Presence of severe varicose veins, which causes severe pain above the knee and swelling
Symptoms of DVT in Pregnant Women
The symptoms of DVT or deep vein thrombosis change from one person to another, and may not appear in one leg alone. Therefore, it is preferable to seek immediate medical attention and speak with the midwife or physician upon noticing the following symptoms:
- Warm skin
- Redness in the affected region, particularly below the knee at the back
It is natural for a woman to experience pain in the legs due to swelling. However, it does not mean that the situation is dangerous. Nonetheless, it is preferable to talk with the doctor and have an insight into the recent developments in the body.
Management of DVT During Pregnancy
It is possible to manage DVT or deep vein thrombosis in a pregnant woman with ease. The possible ways are the use of injections that have low molecular weight heparin. It is an anticoagulant, which helps in delaying the growth of existing clots due to the immobility. The drug is also helpful in preventing the formation of new clots. An important reason for the use of the medicine is that the drug does not affect the growing baby.
As heparin prevents the growth of the clots, it makes it possible for the body to dissolve it completely. Additionally, they are helpful in avoiding the likely occurrence of pulmonary embolism and reoccurrence of clots during the same period.
The entire treatment will last even after childbirth and preferably ends after six weeks. If required, the doctor may ask the patient to continue with the medication depending on the symptoms explained and results received on further diagnosis.
Although medical treatment for DVT is useful during the situation, self-care will also be supportive during the entire period. Self-care includes staying active and wearing compression stockings. The pregnant woman can seek the help of the doctor on the things she can perform in being active without turning it into a strenuous activity.