Deep Vein Thrombosis
Few of the causes of deep vein thrombosis in legs may include: Prolonged duration of sitting may affect the circulation of blood leading to DVT or deep vein thrombosis, long duration of bed rest and immobility due to injury or accident, orthopedic emergency or surgery in hips, legs or knee and even knee replacement surgery, and abdominal surgery or some form of heart surgery may lead to frequent blood clots. Obesity is another factor causing deep vein thrombosis as this affects blood circulation throughout the body negatively.
Deep vein thrombosis occurs due to blood clots occurring in the veins of a person's body. Stroke and heart diseases like heart attack occurs when blood clots occur in the arteries of the body and not the veins. DVT or deep vein thrombosis normally does not lead to heart attack. Various measures may be suggested to prevent DVT or deep vein thrombosis. In order to prevent blood clots one must primarily follow a diet which is low in saturated fats, high in fiber, fruits and vegetables.
It may happen so that some people might have a higher risk of developing deep vein thrombosis than others. Few situations that may make few people more susceptible to deep vein thrombosis: Prior history of the presence of blood may make patients susceptible to deep vein thrombosis in the future. A family history of deep vein thrombosis increases the change of the next generation having the same. Once the risk factors are known, deep vein thrombosis can be avoided by taking some of the precautions mentioned in this article.
Anticoagulants are basically blood thinners which prevent blood clotting and also help in breaking the existing blood clots so present. It is the most common form of treatment for blood clots. Compression stockings are recommended for people who have experienced blood clots previously or who are at high risk of the same. Such stockings extend to the calf muscles or groin.
The usage of a heating pad or even warm compress for blood clot is recommended for symptom relief temporarily. Heating pads promote blood circulation in the body which reduces the pain experienced in thrombosis. The patient can use the heating pad in his home to reduce the pain and increase blood circulation in the body. The patient may be recommended to use a heating pad for 20 to 30 minutes 3 to 4 times a day to get relief from pain.
The treatment of thrombosis is essential because blood clots curb the circulation of blood in the body. blood thinners are used as the most common form of treatment for deep vein thrombosis. Blood thinners prevent the blood clots from growing big and also stop the formation of new blood clots. Doctors may use some other methods to remove the blood clots in thrombosis along with the blood thinners or even in the absence of them.
It has been seen that deep vein thrombosis develops in case a patient has some medical condition that affects the process of clotting of the blood. In many cases, deep vein thrombosis occurs if a patient does not move for a long time after a surgery or accident when the patient is confined to the bed. It has been seen that the most common complication of deep vein thrombosis is post-thrombotic syndrome. This is usually caused by a reduction of venous blood of the heart.
DVT and PE have enhanced into a significant public health problem. According to a study carried out in the year 1998, which consisted of a 25-year population, and overall age and sex annual incidence, the VTE ratio stood at 1.17 for every 1,000 people. It included 0.48 for DVT and the rest for PE. Applying these figures to the existing population resulted in the same output! Today, approximately, 300,000 Americans suffer from DVT and PE. However, the results could vary and be on the higher side, as it is difficult to identify the presence of DVT in the earlier stage, which in turn leads to PE and death. Additionally, there will be a growth in the ratio, as the illness rises along with age and other health conditions.
The deep vein thrombosis or DVT pain may be constant especially whenever you walk. The occurrence of the pain is due to the symptoms experienced by the person due to deep vein thrombosis or DVT. The symptoms include swelling of the leg. In addition, the affected region looks red; the skin becomes tender and warm. The calf of the thigh region exerts pain when a person stands or moves. The pain gets worse and lasts longer on becomes constant if left untreated.
The main aim in treating the blood clot in the leg is to prevent the spread or further growth of the lump formed due to deep vein thrombosis or DVT condition. Blood clots formed in the legs due to deep vein thrombosis or DVT are possible to cure with the help of medications called as anticoagulants. These medicines are helpful in thinning the blood. Other treatment procedures for blood clot in legs include physical exercises and use of vena cava filters. These filters are useful for people who are facing severe issue with deep vein thrombosis or DVT.
Fortunately, there are a few symptoms that will help you check whether the pain that you are suffering from is due to deep vein thrombosis / DVT or not. The pain in the legs is the first step that anyone can notice whether they are suffering from DVT or not. The next symptom of DVT that you can observe is the swelling and tightness. When you have these two, the pain that you will undergo is severe, and the clots are growing in size. In addition to this, you will further experience a throbbing-like pain that creates cramps in the feet, which makes it difficult for you to walk or stand.
The definite diagnosis for deep vein thrombosis or DVT is the answer to visualize the presence of the clots in the veins. The investigations include ultrasonography, contrast venography, magnetic resonance imaging, and computed tomography. Of the investigations, contrast venography is the gold standard for deep vein thrombosis or DVT.
Blood clotting and deep vein thrombosis or DVT in calves are not as risky as the clots occurring in the thighs. You can even get deep vein thrombosis or DVT in your foot which makes it difficult for you to move. There are several major reasons which lead to the formation of deep vein thrombosis or DVT. The higher the risk factors, the greater are the possibility of the person to develop DVT. Even person with no risk factors may develop DVT in foot.
As the most common region for the occurrence of the blood clot, the deep vein thrombosis condition, occurs in the legs, one may tell if they have a clot in the leg with the help of the following symptoms: Swelling of leg, tenderness of the skin, leg pain, warm sensation and pale or bluish discoloration.