Eye Pain Information Center

Eyes are one of our sense organs and problems with it are quite common. It could be pain in the eye(s), soreness, itching or specific medical conditions such as diplopia, cataract, color blindness etc. In our EYE PAIN INFORMATION CENTER section, we have covered various eye conditions; and to read in more detail, please refer to the left side menu under the heading "EYE PAIN INFORMATION CENTER" where you will find different diseases and conditions related to the eye, sports injuries suffered to the eyes and alternative therapies. Given below is a sneak peek on what we have in this section in our website.

Astigmatism

Astigmatism

This is a type of refractive error where the eye's curvature becomes uneven causing blurriness of the vision. This is a common condition and is usually congenital. Treatment comprises of corrective lenses and surgery. To read more please refer to the left side menu under the heading "ASTIGMATISM."

 

Cataracts

Clouding of the natural eye lens is known as cataract which results in cloudy or foggy vision. The condition progresses slowly and surgery is required when it starts interfering with your quality of life.

The Different Types of Cataract Are

  • Nuclear Cataracts
  • Cortical Cataracts
  • Posterior Subcapsular Cataracts.
  • Congenital Cataracts

To know more about each type, its causes and treatment, please visit our left side menu where we have different topics/conditions related to eyes including "CATARACTS."

Eye Floaters

These are the spots present in one's vision and seen as gray/ black specks, strings or cobwebs upon movement of the eyes. The main cause is age-related changes of the vitreous. Other causes include inflammation, injury and retinal tears. Sudden increase in eye floaters is a cause for concern and needs immediate medical attention.

Color Blindness

Also known as color vision problem, difficulty in seeing the colors red, blue, green or a combination of these colors is known as color blindness. In rare cases, a person is not able to see in colors whatsoever. This condition is often hereditary. The causes for acquired color vision problem include ageing, other eye problems, injury, and side effects from some medicines. There is no treatment for inherited color blindness. For acquired color vision problem, treatment comprises of colored contact lenses, glasses etc.

Keratoconus

Keratoconus

This is a condition where there is gradual thinning and bulging of the cornea with it becoming cone shaped. Symptoms include blurred vision and light sensitivity. Causes include forceful rubbing of the eyes, other eye problems and prolonged use of contact lenses. Treatment includes glasses or contact lenses for mild cases and surgery for severe ones. To read in detail about treatment of keratoconus, please refer to the left side menu, where we have given detailed description of treatment including different types of lenses and surgical procedures.

Double Vision or Diplopia

Double Vision or Diplopia

This is a condition where an individual perceives a single object as double and requires prompt medical attention. Causes include corneal problems, lens problems, eye muscle problems and nerve problems. Symptoms include misalignment of the eyes, pain upon eye movements, headache, nausea, eye weakness and sagging eyelids. Treatment depends on the cause. If an underlying medical condition, such as diabetes, is the cause, then treating it solves the problem; otherwise surgery may be needed.

Optic Neuritis

This is a specific type of optic neuropathy which occurs due to inflammation or demyelination of the optic nerve. This results in reduced vision in the affected eye. There are many causes such as cranial arteritis, infections, diabetes, drugs, toxins and Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy. Treatment depends on the cause and comprises of steroid medicines, immunosuppressive therapy etc.

Ocular Albinism

This is an inherited genetic disorder caused by deficiency of melanin, which is a pigment present in the eyes. Symptoms include nystagmus, decreased visual acuity, oscillopsia, photophobia, strabismus, abnormal eye or head movements. Treatment is done using bifocals, sunglasses, contact lenses, magnifiers and surgery.

Iridology

Iridology

Iridology (iridiagnosis/iridodiagnosis), is a technique used in alternative medicine involving scientific assessment of structures, patterns, colors along with other features of the iris (colored region of the eye). This analysis helps in determining a patient's overall health, core strengths and weaknesses etc. The iris charts or iridology chart helps in dividing the iris into separate zones which correspond to specific areas of human body indicating the fundamental location of the tissues and body organs, just like a map. For more information on this interesting technique, please refer to the left side menu where you can read everything about it under the heading "What is Iridology, Eye Iridology, Iris Charts or Iridology Chart?"

Other Eye Diseases & Conditions Which are Covered in This Section:

Written, Edited or Reviewed By:

, MD, FFARCSI

Last Modified On: September 9, 2016

Pain Assist Inc.

Pramod Kerkar
  Note: Information provided is not a substitute for physician, hospital or any form of medical care. Examination and Investigation is necessary for correct diagnosis.

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