Neurofibroma is a term that defines a type of peripheral nerve tumors, that develops in the nerves anywhere in the body. it appears as a soft lump or bumps on or under the skin. It may also arise in a cluster of nerves when it is known as plexiform neurofibroma. This is usually a benign type of tumor; however, it can be sometimes malignant or cancerous. The neurofibromas usually do not present with any symptoms. The signs and symptoms are usually pertaining to the distortion of nerves and pressure on the nearby tissue and organs.(1)

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Best Exercises & Activities For Neurofibroma Patients

Exercises and activities cannot exactly help you cure or treat your neurofibroma. However, post-treatment or post-surgery, certain exercises, and activities can help you in regaining your physical strength, flexibility and help you in functioning tumor without pain or stiffness. A physiotherapist may guide you through this.

Other treatment methods for neurofibroma include-

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  • If the neurofibroma is small, single and about less than an inch under the skin, usually it does not require any treatment.
  • In other cases, the neurofibroma treatment may comprise monitoring and surgery.(1)

Watchful Monitoring-

This may include regular follow-ups and check-ups

  • Your doctor will usually advise for tumor monitoring if the tumor is difficult to be removed or it is small and presents with no signs and symptoms.
  • He may recommend regular imaging tests to check if the is growing or causing any other complications(1)

Surgical Removal-

  • Neurofibroma can be removed in partial or full and symptoms can be alleviated.
  • The neurofibroma may grow and press on the nearby tissue, causing pain and damage to nearby organs. Removal of neurofibroma may help in relieving those symptoms.
  • The type of operation that will be required will depend upon the location and size of and whether one or more nerves are involved.
  • The focus of the surgery is to extract as much tumor as possible, without leading to any further nerve damage(1)
  • Physical restoration may be required to keep the joints and muscles active and avoid stiffness.
  • check-ups will also help in restoring your body function.(1)

Clinical Trials-

Clinical trial and experiments may be helpful for you if you get eligible for getting into it.

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Symptoms Of Neurofibromas

All three different types of neurofibromatosis present with post-treatment types of symptoms, like-

Neurofibromatosis1

This condition usually is seen in childhood. The signs can be seen at birth or soon after that. Max by 10, the symptoms are known in other cases. The symptoms include-

  • Light brown spots on the skin, also known as café au lait spots
  • Freckling in groin or armpits
  • Small bumps on iris in the eye
  • Pea-sized bumps, on or under the skin
  • Bone deformities
  • Optic glioma or tumor on the optic nerve
  • Thinking and learning difficulties
  • Head size larger than average
  • Being short-sighted

Neurofibromatosis2

This is less common than neurofibromatosis1. The signs and symptoms in this usually occur in late teen or early adult years and may comprise of-

This is a very rare type of neurofibromatosis. The symptoms may comprise of-

  • chronic and debilitating pain
  • numbness or weakness in different parts of the body
  • muscle loss

Conclusion

Neurofibroma refers to a type of peripheral nerve tumor that occurs in the nerves. It is a condition that cannot be controlled, treated or cured by any exercises or activities. However, after the removal of the tumor, your physiotherapist may suggest a few exercises and activities that may help in regaining the function of your muscles and joints. These exercises and activities will also help you in preventing any stiffness of your muscles and joints. They may also help in improving the quality of your life.

References-

  1. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/neurofibroma/cdc-20352978

Also Read:

Sheetal DeCaria MD

Written, Edited or Reviewed By:

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Last Modified On: July 22, 2019

This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer

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