5 Common Infectious Diseases Affecting Human Beings
Here is a list of the most common infectious diseases in human beings: Hepatitis-B, Malaria, Hepatitis-C, Dengue, and Tuberculosis.
HEPATITIS-B: A Common Viral Infectious Disease
As indicated by certain insights and stats, hepatitis B is the most widely recognized infectious ailment on this planet, affecting almost 2 billion individuals – that is more than one-fourth of the total populace of Earth. Hepatitis B is characterized by an irritation of the liver that prompts jaundice, nausea, and exhaustion, can prompt long haul complexities, for example, cirrhosis of the liver or even liver cancer.
Maybe the best amongst other known treatment for hepatitis B is Gilead Sciences’ Viread, which was affirmed in the U.S. in 2008 and hinders a protein that the hepatitis B infection needs to experience in liver cells. As per a Gilead’s report, sales of the medication were up 11% through the initial nine months over the earlier year.
Mostly, hepatitis B is thought to be found in countries where its citizens do not have access to clean water. That clearly indicates that hepatitis B spreads from water, and is a water-borne infectious disease. It is also estimated that at a time there are approximately 350 million people who are suffering from hepatitis B, which increases the chances of spreading of this common infectious disease.
MALARIA: A Common Mosquito-Borne Infectious Disease
Malaria is a mosquito-borne illness that in general affects kids the most in tropical and subtropical atmospheres. Approximately, malaria affects in excess of 500 million individuals yearly and results in roughly between 1 million and 3 million deaths every year. Just behind hepatitis B, malaria gives off an impression of being the second most-common infectious disease to affect human kind, and malaria absolutely is a standout amongst the most lethal ones on a yearly premise.
Educating the threats of mosquitoes in tropical and subtropical countries has helped to some degree in controlling this common infectious disease, yet the cases of Malaria have shockingly been on the ascent again as of late. The most widely recognized treatment of malaria is an oral treatment known as Lariam, which the U.S. Armed force invented in the late 1980s. The medication is currently sold in conventional variants.
Today, the threat that malaria poses to everyone has been duly recognized, and while treatments are available to those who have been affected by it, a lot of biological methods are also being adopted so as to prevent malaria, and sooner or later eradicate it completely.
HEPATITIS-C: Another Common Viral Infectious Disease
Hepatitis C is a less normal and less extreme type of hepatitis, yet it quite often forms into a constant, less acute condition, in contrast to hepatitis B. Albeit just 3 million to 4 million new cases of Hepatitis C are accounted for every year, approximately 180 million individuals overall experience the ill effects of Hepatitis C, which can prompt liver malignancy or cirrhosis of the liver after some time.
The success in treating hepatitis C has been downright amazing in the course of recent years. Today, Hepatitis C is not a killer disease anymore, which it used to be in the past. Hepatitis C is being successfully cured in and around the world, even in countries which suffer from abject poverty and where the card of Hep C number a lot, progress is being made in terms of curing it and in turn making the society a healthier place. Sooner or later, Hepatitis C will be taken out from its roots.
DENGUE: A Common Viral Infectious Disease Spread by Mosquitoes
In dengue infection, a very specific sort of mosquito (Aedes Aegypti) is the cause of the transmission of dengue to around 50 million individuals every year. Dengue infection is most commonly found in Africa and Asia and is characterized by high fever, extreme migraines, and joint and muscle pain; and also can result in death of the patient if not treated on time.
Incredibly enough, despite the fact that this common infectious disease affects around 50 million individuals yearly, there is no specific medication to treat dengue fever. The most common medication prescribed to manage the symptoms of dengue fever is Tylenol. In the most serious instances of dengue fever, IVs and blood transfusions might be required. Dengue infection is known to reduce the platelet count of the blood in the affected individual.
However, even though Dengue infection is less dangerous than malaria, one must remember that the outbreaks of Dengue in countries of Africa and Asia, especially India is quite common. Dengue is known to kill a lot of people and is considered extremely dangerous because its symptoms match with some other mild diseases; and hence dengue is diagnosed at a later stage.
TUBERCULOSIS: A Fatal Infectious Disease
Amongst various infectious diseases, tuberculosis is on the rise. Tuberculosis is caused by a microorganisms found in the lungs that can cause severe pain in the chest and excessive coughing. In addition tuberculosis also leads to various other dreadful reactions. As per the statistics by WHO, tuberculosis is in fact, the second biggest worldwide killer infectious disease behind AIDS.
The larger part of TB-related deaths (95%) happens in nations, which have a low to middle class income group, where awareness related to TB and counteractive action basically aren’t at the place where they should be. Fortunately tuberculosis death rates on a worldwide scale are falling. Be that as it may, there were still over 8.6 million new instances of tuberculosis announced a year ago, and approximately 33% of the total populace in the world is a carrier of an inert type of TB, which means they’ve been contaminated; yet aren’t sick and can’t transmit the this infectious disease yet.
This doesn’t mean that our fight against TB should stop. It only means that we need to fight it with greater vigour and force, as tuberculosis still has deeply rooted roots in Africa, where there is a dearth of proper medications available to cure it.