What is an STD or Sexually Transmitted Disease?

STD can be a dreaded disease, which occurs in some specific situations when a person is having regular sex without any safety measures. STD occurs mainly because of oral, vaginal and anal intercourse, which can prove to be very infectious. Acquiring STD becomes a major cause of concern. STD is also termed as sexually transmitted infection or STI.

Many times, not using protection, such as condoms, becomes a major reason for people getting infected with STD. Talking about protection, if condoms are not used on a regular basis, then STD is bound to occur which can even take the form of herpes. Some of the STDs are dormant and give out symptoms only after reaching a certain threshold limit, so there is a high chance that you could have an STD and not know about it. Knowing you have an STD makes it easier to get treated on time, which makes you recover in time. Effective treatments and proper care is what you should seek to keep your health intact.

Could I Have an STD and Not Know About It?!

This may come as a bit of a shock, but yes, you could have an STD and not be aware of it, as some STDs do not have major symptoms. In such cases, the diagnosis of STD gets delayed and the patient does not know that he/she has an STD. Given below are STDs which show no symptoms and which prove to be a major problem in the end:

  • Human papilloma virus or HPV.
  • Herpes.
  • Gonorrhea.
  • Chlamydia.
  • HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome).

The symptoms are visible only when the severity of the STD increases. Patient should be very watchful regarding any itching or burning sensation in the genital region. Being aware of your bodily conditions enables you to take up a timely treatment to get the STD cured completely.

How to Know If You are Suffering From STD?

In today's times, when people are involved in multiple relationships, chances of contracting STD have gone up immensely. It is women who are more prone to being infected from STD, but men also suffer from major health problems due to multiple sexual relationships. Major problem with STD is that, its symptoms are not visible at an initial stage and the situation worsens when symptoms of STD reach a critical stage, which includes itching and sores. For this reason, you need to be very watchful about any changes in the skin around the genitals like itching or swelling, with redness or pus formation. All these symptoms can be a major indication of an STD attack, which needs to be treated on time. Symptoms of STD can be categorized as mild or severe, depending upon the stage of STD the person is suffering from. For people who are active sexually, such STD infections can pose a major threat when left untreated.

What are the Symptoms of STD?

  • During urination, you feel pain, which is a strong indication of STD. Your pee can tell a lot about your health, so be watchful when you feel pain deep down there.
  • Immediately seek medical help if you experience painful sex (dyspareunia), as this is also a symptom of STD.
  • Itching is one of the major symptoms of STD where the genitals itch constantly and an itchy vagina indicates major STD occurrence.
  • Redness is a common thing in case of STD and if a person is suffering from this infection then you should look for blisters and bumps.
  • Vaginal discharge is a common thing in women; however, during STD infection, this discharge becomes abnormal. The change in vaginal discharge may also be a result of your approaching menstrual cycle, but one needs to be very careful if you are sexually active. So seek medical advice as soon as possible. In case of Chlamydia and HPV, vaginal discharge may increase and there are some STD infections such as trichomoniasis and gonorrhea, in which there is a complete change in the vaginal discharge. The discharge in case of STD is yellow and foamy and you should seek immediate medical attention.
  • Warts are very common in STD and are also painful. The warts in STD are usually in the shape of cauliflower. Such warts can be surgically removed; however, these warts cannot be treated medically. Your body can get rid of these warts and outgrowths on its own in two years' time.
  • Experiencing flu-like symptoms in STD is very common as virus affects your overall immune system, thus giving you a feverish feeling. When a person is suffering from STD infection, his/her body gets feverish and this is why the temperature rises.
  • When a person is suffering from herpes, then formation of blisters and sores are common. These sores are visible around genital area or mouth. Mostly these blisters are filled with fluid and are very painful and in most of the cases the symptoms of herpes cannot be cured, but only suppressed or managed. In many STD infections, sores can be painless and in that case, it is tough to find out if you are suffering from STD and you can easily have an STD and not be aware of it.

When Should You Get Tested For STD?

Getting tested for STD depends upon the following factors:

  • Age.
  • Gender.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Sexual orientation.
  • Taking no precaution during sexual intercourse.
  • Drug abuse.
  • Multiple sexual partners.

There are chances that when you are sexually active, the STD virus can remain in body. In most of these cases, the person needs to undergo regular tests for STD, say once in every two to three months.

Conclusion:

So, the startling conclusion is that, yes one can have STD and not know it, especially if the STD does not produce any symptoms during the initial stage. Knowing that you have STD is not that difficult, it is just that a person fails to maintain their sexual health by taking precautions. Many health protections are available today, which can keep you safe from the dreaded STDs, which pose major challenges to your general health. Always seek medical guidance in choosing the right protection before initiating sexual contact with your partner and save yourself from the menace the STDs have posed in the recent times.

Also Read:

Written, Edited or Reviewed By:

, MD, FFARCSI

Last Modified On: August 22, 2017

Pain Assist Inc.

Pramod Kerkar
  Note: Information provided is not a substitute for physician, hospital or any form of medical care. Examination and Investigation is necessary for correct diagnosis.

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