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What Are The Risks of Untreated Chlamydia?

STDs or sexually transmitted diseases are of different kinds. Some go away on their own if you are infected, some can be treated with medicine and some cannot be treated and stay with you as long as you are alive. You will get vaccines for some and some can be prevented easily. However, if you are left with a potentially dangerous infection that can wreak havoc if left untreated, it may threaten your life. Chlamydia is one such infection that you get from an infected partner and can be dangerous if you don’t treat it on time.

What are the Risks of Untreated Chlamydia?

Chlamydia is caused by the Chlamydia trachomatis bacterium and is transmitted when you have oral, vaginal or anal sex with an infected person. The infection can be found in the cervix, throat or rectum of a woman and in the urinary tract, throat or rectum of a man. If it is left untreated for long, it usually causes reproductive complications and serious health issues as follows:

PID or Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Due to Untreated Chlamydia:

Chlamydia causes PID or pelvic inflammatory disease. PID is a serious problem that can damage the fallopian tubes and uterus of the woman. About 40% of all women who have chlamydia get pelvic inflammatory disease. If you have PID, your fallopian tubes and uterus becomes scarred, swollen and filled with pus.

Ectopic Pregnancy as a Result of Untreated Chlamydia:

Pelvic inflammatory disease leads to ectopic pregnancy. It is a potentially deadly condition in which pregnancy occurs outside the uterus and as a consequence, leads to miscarriages every time you become pregnant.

Infertility both in Men and Women due to Untreated Chlamydia:

Chlamydia can seriously affect your fertility. Whether you get PID or have ectopic pregnancy, your fertility level will gradually decrease. Chlamydia is one of the main causes of infertility in USA. Even if a male have this infection, their fertility level too will be impacted over time, if it is not treated early. Since the infection spreads to the testicles as well as to epididymis, the tube that carries the sperm from the testicles, the sperms become weaker and less fertile.

Health Problems as a Result of Untreated Chlamydia:

In men, untreated chlamydia may also affect the prostate and urethra causing inflammation.

HIV Risks Due to Untreated Chlamydia:

If you have chlamydia, whether you are a man or a woman, you are at an increased risk of getting HIV. Once you are infected by HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), there is no cure.

Complications in Case of Untreated Chlamydia When You are Pregnant:

Women, who are pregnant and have been infected by the chlamydia virus, can transfer the disease to the baby during childbirth. This can be dangerous for the new born as the baby will suffer from eye infection or pneumonia soon after being born.

With so many health complications, it is a must that you treat chlamydia infection as soon as possible. Leaving it untreated will increase the risks of other health complications and reproduction. Also, you must keep in mind that chlamydia does not go away on its own. You need antibiotic dosage to treat this condition.


  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) – Chlamydia: https://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/stdfact-chlamydia.htm
  2. Mayo Clinic – Chlamydia Infection: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chlamydia/symptoms-causes/syc-20355349
  3. American Sexual Health Association – Chlamydia: https://www.ashasexualhealth.org/stdsstis/chlamydia/
  4. Planned Parenthood – Chlamydia: https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/stds-hiv-safer-sex/chlamydia
  5. World Health Organization (WHO) – Chlamydia: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/chlamydia

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Team PainAssist
Team PainAssist
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Team PainAssist, Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:July 25, 2023

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