Ankle Pain Information Center

Ankle pain is the pain in the ankle or feeling of discomfort in the ankle. Ankle joint is one of the most important joints in our body. It bears almost the whole body's weight, thus making it more susceptible to problems, such as a sprain or fracture. Ankle pain could be due to anything, it could be something as mild as sprain or tendonitis, to something quite serious, such as a fracture of the ankle joint. Other causes of ankle joint pain are: Ankle Joint Arthritis, Ankle Joint Sprain, Ankle Joint Tendonitis/ Tendinitis and Ankle Joint Bursitis. We have given a brief overview on the causes, symptoms and treatment options of these conditions. For more detailed reading, please refer to the left side menu under our ANKLE PAIN INFORMATION CENTER.

Ankle Pain Information Center

Ankle Joint Arthritis

Ankle Joint Arthritis

Arthritis occurring in the ankle can be quite troublesome. There are 3 synovial joints which make up the ankle joint, where one is the primary joint and two secondary joints. Causes of ankle joint arthritis include: Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, traumatic arthritis, septic ankle joint, pseudogout and gout. Individuals who play sports, who are overweight, or wear ill-fitting footwear, are more prone to suffer from ankle joint arthritis. Symptoms include: Pain, stiffness, numbness, fever, swelling, pain upon movement and joint deformity. Conservative treatment includes rest, ice/heat therapy, losing weight and using a cane. Medications, such as NSAIDs, opioids, cortisone injections, immunosuppressants and TNF-Alpha Inhibitors are used. Surgical options include Ankle Joint Fusion and Ankle Joint Replacement.

Ankle Joint Sprain

Ankle Joint Sprain

This is a painful condition occurring as a result of inflammation or injury to the ankle joint ligaments. Ankle joint sprain is graded according to its severity, such as Grade 1, 2 and 3. Causes of ankle joint sprain includes: Injury, inflammation, slipping and falling, contact sports etc. Symptoms include: Pain, tenderness, swelling, bruising, restricted joint movement, muscle spasm and atrophy. Treatment includes rest, heat/ice application, medications such as NSAIDs, opioids, muscle relaxants, antibiotics and cortisone injections. Physical therapy is also done. Surgical options include: Ankle Joint Fusion and Ligament Reconstruction. To know more about ankle joint sprain and the different grades of the sprain, please refer to the left side menu under the topic "Ankle Joint Sprain."

Ankle Joint Tendonitis / Tendinitis

Ankle Joint Tendonitis

Inflammation of the ankle joint tendons which support the ankle joint is known as Ankle Joint Tendonitis. Causes include: trauma or injury, arthritis, metabolic diseases and sports injuries. Symptoms comprise of ankle joint pain, swelling, tenderness, stiffness, and muscle spasm. Treatment is done with cold therapy, Ace bandage, using cane/crutches. Medications, such as NSAIDs, opioids, muscle relaxants, anxiolytics and antibiotics are also used. Surgical options include Tendon Reconstruction Surgery.

Ankle Joint Fracture or Broken Ankle

Ankle Joint Fracture

Ankle joint bears the whole body weight; and accidents and sports injuries make it more prone to breakage. Symptoms comprise of pain, swelling, tingling, numbness, inability to walk, foot and toe weakness, ankle joint deformity, lacerations and inability to walk. Treatment options include conservative treatment, such as ice therapy, ace bandage, braces and casting of the ankle and PT. Pain medications like NSAIDs, opioids, muscle relaxants, calcium and vitamin D are also given.

The Different Types Of Ankle Joint Fracture Are:

  • Hairline or Stress Ankle Joint Fracture
  • Non-Displaced Ankle Joint Fracture (Transverse Fracture)
  • Partial Displaced Ankle Joint Fracture
  • Completely Displaced Ankle Joint Fracture
  • Compound Fracture of Ankle Joint

The Ankle Joint Fracture Is Classified Into:

  • Fracture of Medial Malleolus
  • Fracture of Posterior Malleolus
  • Fracture of Lateral Malleolus
  • Bi-Malleolus Fracture
  • Fracture of Talus Bone
  • Fracture of Calcaneal Bone
  • Cartilage Damage
  • Pott's Fracture
  • Pilon Fracture
  • Maisonneuve Fracture
  • Snowboarder's Fracture

To know more about the types and classification of ankle joint fracture, please refer to the left side menu under the heading ANKLE PAIN INFORMATION CENTER.

Ankle Joint Bursitis

Ankle Joint Bursitis

This is a condition where there is inflammation of the bursa surrounding the ankle joint. Causes of Ankle Joint Bursitis include: chronic and repetitive use of ankle joint (cycling, jogging), infection of the bursa, injury and wearing ill fitting shoes. Symptoms comprise of pain, swelling, tenderness, fever, redness, restricted movement, and joint stiffness. Conservative treatment comprises of rest, ice therapy, wearing shoe inserts. Medications which are used are: NSAIDs, opioids, muscle relaxants, antibiotics and corticosteroid injections. Surgery is done if the above treatment fails.

Other Ankle Pain Topics Which are Covered in This Section:

Written, Edited or Reviewed By:


Last Modified On: May 10, 2016

Pain Assist Inc.

Pramod Kerkar
  Note: Information provided is not a substitute for physician, hospital or any form of medical care. Examination and Investigation is necessary for correct diagnosis.

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