Joints are present in our body for a very important reason, i.e. to provide movements in our body and giving mechanical support to our body. Joint is that region or part of our bones where 2 or more bones meet or connect together. If our human skeleton had only one continuous bone without any breaks in it, then it would be impossible to make any movements. Imagine our body in a single rod or zombie like posture! If not for joints in our body, we would not be able to move our head, arms, hands legs, or perform simple tasks like bending down, kneeling down etc… joints are the nature's answer to give movement to our skeletal system, so we can perform our daily functions with ease. Joints are formed where the bones connect or intersect and these joints are classified functionally, as well as structurally.
As mentioned above, joints permit movements in our body along with providing support also; however, there are many medical conditions affecting the joints resulting in pain in them (termed as arthralgia), inflammation, infection etc. making normal movements difficult and sometimes impossible. Other than pain, one can also experience symptoms like burning sensation, stiffness, shooting pain, creaking sensation etc. We also have a tendency to discard our joint ailments as a "normal aging process," something which we have to put up with, which is absolutely WRONG. First of all, there are many causes behind joint pain; and second of all joint pain etc. doesn't need to be a part of the aging process, many young people also suffer from it, the cause for it could also be some serious medical conditions which should not be ignored.
Other than the usual OTC pain killers which we take for joint pain, there is a gamut of treatment choices available, such as physical therapy exercises, alternative therapies, surgeries, such as joint replacement/fusion etc. In our JOINT PAIN INFORMATION CENTER we have covered various types of joint diseases such as Gout, Arthritis, Osteonecrosis, Chondrocalcinosis/ Pseudogout, Pre-Rheumatoid Arthritis etc. along with their causes, symptoms, investigations, treatment and exercises in great detail.
Given below is an overview on the joint topics which we have covered. For more information, please visit our JOINT PAIN INFORMATION CENTER present on the side menu.
Pain in the joints occurs due to other underlying medical conditions. Pain in the joints can be varied; it could be sharp, dull, burning, stabbing, or throbbing. It can be quite mild or can be severe…all depends on what is causing it. Inflammation is the most common cause of joint pain.
Types Of Joint Pain Include:
- Local Joint Pain or Arthralgia
- Referred Joint Pain or Arthralgia.
- Trauma-Induced Joint Pain or Arthralgia.
- Inflammation Induced Joint Pain.
- Internal Derangement Induced Joint Pain.
Treatment depends on the cause for the pain, the degree of pain and the duration of the pain and it includes: OTC pain medicines, ice therapy, stretching, steroid injections, joint aspiration, physical therapy and even surgery.
To know more about joint pain, their causes, types and treatment, please read under our very informative JOINT PAIN INFORMATION CENTER on the side menu.
This is a medical condition where there is death of bone tissue, as a result of diminished blood supply. Avascular Necrosis is classified as Trauma-Related Avascular Necrosis and Non-Trauma-Related Avascular Necrosis. Causes for the decreased blood supply are: Injury to the bone and joint, radiation therapy, pressure within the bone, excessive alcohol, steroids, osteoporosis drugs, diabetes, sickle cell anemia, HIV/aids, lupus, dialysis and organ transplantation. .
Pain is the main symptom of this condition. The aim of treatment is to prevent further bone loss. Medications which may help in relieving symptoms include: NSAIDs, osteoporosis drugs, cholesterol drugs and blood thinners. Other treatment modalities include: Rest, physical therapy, exercises and electrical stimulation. Surgical methods include: Core decompression, bone transplant, bone reshaping/ osteotomy and joint replacement.
This is a joint disorder or a crystal arthropathy where there is accumulation of calcium crystals in the soft tissues surrounding the joint. This condition commonly affects the knee joint. Risk factors of this condition are: Old age, genetic causes, hyperparathyroidism, decreased magnesium/ phosphate, dehydration, myxedema, diabetes, hyperthyroidism, arthritis, wilson disease, ochronosis, hypomagnesemia, injury, hypercalcemia, hemochromatosis and gout. Symptoms consist of reduced joint motion, stiffness, pain, swelling and redness in the joint.
Treatment depends on the degree of pain, and the joint involved and mainly consists of alleviating the symptoms by giving medicines, such as NSAIDs, joint aspiration, corticosteroid injections, exercise and physical therapy. Surgery is done in severe cases. Diagnostic testing includes: X-rays, blood tests, arthrocentesis, MRI scan, CT scan, ultrasonography and nuclear medicine.
Palindromic Rheumatism is a rare medical condition characterized by repetitive attacks of arthritis causing intense pain, swelling, redness in a single or multiple joints of the body. The cause for this condition is not clear. Probable causes include: Inflammation, infection and injury. Symptoms are: Joint pain, tenderness, redness, swelling, tiredness and mild fever. Treatment comprises of medications like NSAIDs, DMARDs, Physical Therapy and Steroid Injections.
Research on this disease is still underway. For more information, please read under our JOINT PAIN INFORMATION CENTER.
Other Joint Diseases & Conditions Which are Covered in This Section: