Foot Pain Information Center

All of us tend to take our feet for granted. Yes, they are there, present down south of the legs and are used for walking and showcasing pretty shoes! But what many of us are not aware of is how important our feet are for our bodies and what a complex structure they comprise of. Our feet bear the brunt of our weight when standing, exercising, etc. all the time. It’s only when we have some problem with our feet and cannot ambulate properly then only we realize what a precious commodity our feet are and wish we had taken better care of them.

Foot Pain Information Center: Foot Pain & Its Anatomical Distribution, Foot Cramps, Foot Dislocation Treatment, Foot Joint Dislocation

A single foot consists of 26 bones which form the 2 crossing foot arches. The interaction of the lower leg and foot forms the ankle joint. The foot muscles and the plantar fascia provide us with secondary support. Other than this, fat pads present in the foot also help with absorbing the impact, as well as weight-bearing.

There are many medical conditions which cause foot pain. In our FOOT PAIN INFORMATION CENTER, we have covered many such medical conditions with their causes, symptoms, investigations, prevention, treatment and home remedies.  

Given below are some snippets of the foot topics covered. For a more detailed read, please click on the side menu and read under our  FOOT PAIN INFORMATION CENTER where all the foot conditions causing foot pain are covered in extensive detail.

Foot Pain & Its Anatomical Distribution, Causes of Foot Pain

Foot Pain its Anatomical Distribution

Foot pain can happen to anyone and is quite a common complaint. It can be acute or chronic foot pain. Anatomical distribution and cause of foot pain can include injury or inflammation to bursae, tendon, ligaments, muscles, bones, joints. Other Causes of Foot Pain are: Foot inflammation, infection, injury, abnormal bone growth, abnormal arch of the foot and foot neuroma. Treatment, of course, depends on the cause of the foot pain.

To read in detail, please refer to the side menu under our FOOT PAIN INFORMATION CENTER.

3 Main Functions of the Foot

Functions of the Foot

There are many important functions of the foot of which the three most important functions are:

  1. Weight Transmission
  2. Balance Posture
  3. Assist Ambulation

To know more about these functions of the foot, please click on the side menu and read under our FOOT PAIN INFORMATION CENTER.

Foot Cramps or Toe Cramps

Foot Cramps

This is an excruciatingly painful foot condition, which involves abrupt and sudden involuntary contraction of the foot muscles resulting in acute pain. Causes include: Ill fitting footwear, exercises, calcium deficiency, certain medications etc. Foot cramps/ toe cramps are characterized by sudden, acute, sharp pain in the foot with a knot like sensation in the muscle. It commonly resolves on its own in a few seconds to minutes. However, it can continue for some hours as well. Treatment comprises of massage, heat application, stretching, good diet, increased fluid intake, wearing proper footwear, right exercise, strengthening exercises, vitamin supplementation and toe stretchers.

For a detailed read on Foot Cramps or Toe Cramps, please read under our FOOT PAIN INFORMATION CENTER.

Foot Dislocation Treatment

Foot Dislocation Treatment

Foot dislocation can be in the inter-phalangeal, tarsal-metatarsal, metatarso-phalangeal and inter-tarsal joints of the foot. Foot dislocation, if occurring with fracture, requires open reduction and instrumentation.
Symptoms of foot dislocation consist of severe foot pain, anemia, tachycardia, crooked foot. Treatment comprises of pain medications (NSAIDs, opioids), antibiotics, anti-inflammatories and surgical procedures, such as close reduction, open reduction and instrumentation etc. Post-surgical treatment for foot dislocation comprises of muscle relaxants, massage therapy, physical therapy and interventional therapy.

For more information on Foot Dislocation and its treatment, please read under our FOOT PAIN INFORMATION CENTER on the side menu.

Foot Joint Dislocation

Foot Joint Dislocation

There are 26 bones and 33 joints in a human foot. There can be dislocation in any of the joints resulting in severe pain. Types of Foot Joint Dislocation comprises of:

  • Fore-Foot Joint Dislocation.
  • Mid-Foot Joint Dislocation.
  • Posterior 1/2 of 5 metatarsal bones.

Symptoms of foot joint dislocation include:  Acute foot pain, foot pain at rest, pain with activities, joint deformity, limited foot and toe movements and skin bruising. Foot dislocation can be confirmed by x-rays, MRI, ultrasound and blood tests.

For more information on Foot Dislocation, please click on the side menu and read under our FOOT PAIN INFORMATION CENTER.

Fungal Nail Infection or Onychomycosis


Fungal nail infection is characterized by yellow or white spot present under the tip of the toenail or finger nail. Fungi belonging to a class known as dermatophytes are responsible for Fungal Nail Infection. Other causes include: Molds, yeasts, prolonged exposure of the nails to warm and moist environment etc. Symptoms of fungal nail infection consists of nail thickening, nail is dull in appearance, nail discoloration, ragged and brittle nail edges,  distorted nail shape, separation of the nail(s) from the nail bed and pain with foul odor. Treatment consists of topical and oral anti-fungal medicines, antifungal nail polish or lacquer, laser/ photodynamic therapy and surgery.

To read in detail about the causes, risk factors, investigations, signs and symptoms, treatment, prevention and Home Remedies for Fungal Nail Infection, please refer to the side menu under our FOOT PAIN INFORMATION CENTER.

Heel Pain: 5 Major Causes & Its Treatment

Heel Pain: 5 Major Causes & Its Treatment

Heel pain is an annoying problem and can occur from different causes. There are five important causes of heel pain:

  1. Baxter's Nerve Compression.
  2. Plantar Fasciitis.
  3. Fat Pad Atrophy.
  4. Achilles Tendonitis.
  5. Stress Fracture Of Calcaneus.

Treatment is done according to the cause. And to read more what that is, please click under the side menu under our FOOT PAIN INFORMATION CENTER.

Onychogryphosis or Ram's Horn Nails

Onychogryphosis or Ram's Horn Nails

This is a medical condition of the nails where there is overgrowth of the nails causing the nails to become long and curved resembling a ram's horn or a claw. Causes of Onychogryphosis or Ram's Horn Nails consist of damage or injury to the cells, wearing tight footwear, nail infection, reduced blood circulation to the nails, certain medical conditions like diabetes, poor diet and peripheral vascular disease. Symptoms of Onychogryphosis or Ram's Horn Nails include: Thickened and deformed nails, yellowish discoloration to the nail, pain/ discomfort, long and curved nails. Treatment of Onychogryphosis or Ram's Horn Nails consists of nail plate avulsion with surgical destruction of the nail matrix.

To read more about Onychogryphosis or Ram's Horn Nails including its prevention, please read under our FOOT PAIN INFORMATION CENTER on the side menu.

Other Foot Pain Information Center Topics Which are Covered in This Section:

Written, Edited or Reviewed By:


Last Modified On: May 11, 2016

Pain Assist Inc.

Pramod Kerkar
  Note: Information provided is not a substitute for physician, hospital or any form of medical care. Examination and Investigation is necessary for correct diagnosis.

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